The wall remains (W103; Fig. 4) comprised three foundation courses set on fill (L108). The remains of a drainage channel (L110) were found incorporated in the bottom foundation course; only a very small part of it survived. Pottery sherds from the Abbasid period were found in the fill east of the wall (L104). Two layers of fill (L107, L109) containing sherds from the Fatimid period were excavated west of the wall.
The installation (Fig. 5), possibly opening of a cistern, was partially exposed north of W103. It was built of irregular stones. An accumulation of soil (L106) that contained pottery sherds from the Abbasid and Fatimid periods was excavated around the installation. The nature of the installation could not be ascertained.
Pottery. A Coptic glazed bowl (Fig. 6:1) and a glazed white opaque bowl (Fig. 6: 2) from the Fatimid period were found in Fill 107, west of W103. A common glazed bowl (Fig. 6:3), a jug with a wide rim and an incised decoration (Fig. 6:6) and a buff-colored jug (Fig. 6:8) from the Abbasid and Fatimid periods were found around Installation 105. The accumulated topsoil above the installation (L102) yielded a frying pan (Fig. 6:4), a cooking pot (Fig. 6:5) and a jar (Fig. 6:7) from the Early Islamic period (ninth–eleventh centuries CE). Accumulation 104 revealed a buff-colored jug with incised decoration (Fig. 6:9) and a FBW juglet (Fig. 6:10) dating from the Abbasid period.
Numismatic Finds. Three coins were found while excavating the surface level (L101, L102). Two of them were identified as an anonymous type of Umayyad folles minted following the monetary reform of ‘Abd al-Malik (697–750 CE; IAA 161110, 161111).
Metal Finds
Nitzan Amitai-Preiss
A perforated object (L101; Fig. 7:1) and a bronze weight (L102; Fig. 7:2) were found while excavating the surface level.
The perforated object (2.0 × 3.3 cm) is convex at one end, and its other end is shaped with a protrusion in its center that is broken at the end. There are two holes in the object; it seems that nails or pins were used to connect it to a surface made of cloth or leather or to another metal object of this type. This may have been part of a scale armor. The only known armor from the Umayyad period is one depicted on a carved ivory plaque from el-Humayma, Jordan (Oleson et al., 1999:442, Fig. 20).
The weight (0.6 × 0.9 cm, 1.29 g) is brick shaped, consisting of an upper rectangle and a lower rectangle connected to each other by a diagonal line. A similar weight was found in ‘Ofer Park in Ramla (Kletter 2005:117, No.4, 1.1813 gr).
The remains, all in a very poor state of preservation, may have been part of a courtyard belonging to a residential building. The finds were meager compared with those of previous excavations in the immediate vicinity, suggesting that the site sustained damage as a result of modern activity. The ceramic finds date from the Abbasid and Fatimid periods (late eighth century until the second half of the tenth century CE), which is in keeping with the dates of the archaeological finds from nearby excavations.