Site 620, Nahal Evlayim
The site, dating to the Neolithic period (c. 10 dunams), was surveyed near to Makhtesh Dolina. Among the lithic artifacts found at Sites 1 and 2 were an axe with transversal blows, a Yarmukian chisel, an elliptical axe, three bifacial tools, an arrowhead fragment, blades, a perforated stone disk and a stone bowl fragment. The site was occupied in the Late Pottery Neolithic period and probably in the Pre-pottery Neolithic B period as well. Sites 3 and 4 are the presumed southern border of the site, based on the flint scatterings. Flint fragments that turned out to be natural were found at Site 5.
Site 621
A circle of large stones (diam. 3.5 m), probably the base of a watchman’s hut, is located northwest of the Evlayim Junction (Site 6), c. 10 m west of an opening to a natural cave (Site 7).
Site 622, the Roman Road from ‘Akko to Zippori
The planned route for Highway 6 crosses that of the Roman road that led from ‘Akko to Zippori. Sections of the ancient road are used today by local farmers (Sites 8–11). Six mile stones were discovered in the region of Site 23; the earliest are dated to the year 120 CE and the latest is from the reign of Constantine, at the beginning of the fourth century CE. I. Roll suggested that a way station was positioned there, to mark the ninth milestone from ‘Akko (Antiquities of the Western Galilee, 1986, pp. 297–303). A fragment of a milestone without an inscription (diam. 0.5 m, height 0.95 m; Fig. 2) was found alongside the road at Site 9, c. 500 m northwest of Site 23. Flat stones scattered nearby were part of the roadbed that had been damaged in the past when the area was prepared for planting an olive grove.
Site 623, Be’er Tirat Tamra
A saqiye well (Sites 12, 13) that was used until the time of the British Mandate but its foundations were probably ancient (Fig. 3), was recorded. Potsherds dating to the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods and the Middle Ages were found in the region (Site 14).
Site 624, Horbat Tirat Tamra
A multi-period site (Sites 15–22; Site 17 was canceled) where pottery that dated to the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods and the Middle Ages (Site 19) was found. Three burial caves (Sites 15, 16, 18; Fig. 4), winepresses, quarries and cisterns (Sites 20, 21, 22) were discovered.
Site 625, Dabbat el Khan
Bedrock surfaces with rock-cuttings (Sites 25, 27), a cistern (Site 24) and a hewn cave (Site 26) were documented. The collected potsherds dated to the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods. The installations were probably associated with the nearby Roman road.
Site 626
Tesserae (Site 28; diam. c. 40 m) found inside a plowed field were probably the remains of an industrial installation that was covered with alluvium.
Site 627, Khirbat Rujm
Remains of a building from the Byzantine period, located inside an olive grove (Site 29).
Site 628
Potsherds and flint tools, probably from the southern fringes of Horbat ‘Uza (Sites 30–32), were found.
Site 629
A prehistoric site (Site 33), wherein numerous flint artifacts with a yellowish patina were scattered across an area of c. 80 dunams (c. 10 artifacts per sq m). Most of the artifacts were medium–large in size (> 5 cm) and most of the flint was found in secondary deposition due to erosion. The assemblage included Levallois cores, Levallois points and a few tools. A hand axe, which is an extraordinary find, was discovered. The homogenous assemblage is probably from the Middle Paleolithic period.
Site 630
Burial caves (Sites 35, 36, 38), a winepress (Site 40) and quarries (Sites 37, 39) were discovered in the low limestone hills north of the ‘Akko Valley. A surveyor’s mark from the Roman period was discerned on a bedrock surface, close to a small winepress (Fig. 5).
Site 631, Horbat ‘Uza
A multi-period site (Site 41) that was excavated in 1991, prior to the widening of Highway 85. Twenty-one settlement layers from the Neolithic until the Mamluk periods were identified (N. Getzov, ESI 13:19–21).