Area 1. A rectangular quarry (4.2 × 7.7 m, depth 1.1 m; Figs. 3, 4) was exposed; in its northwestern corner was a hewn opening of a cave (Fig. 3: Section 1-1), which was not excavated. The quarry ceased to be used sometime in the Byzantine period, based on worn potsherds that were discovered in the fill (L100, L101).
Area 2. A rock-hewn cist grave (0.7 × 2.2 m, depth 0.9 m; Fig. 5) was exposed. The fill in the grave was devoid of any datable finds. A fragment of an Ottoman pipe (Fig. 6:11), which was associated with the activity at the site in the beginning of the twentieth century CE, was found while cleaning the bedrock south of the grave.
Area 3. A quarry (L300) and three rectangular shafts, which were hewn after the quarry was no longer in use, were discovered on top of a bedrock outcrop (4.0 × 6.5 m; Figs. 7, 8). The shafts led to three burial caves that were not excavated. The entrance at the bottom of the northwestern shaft (L301) was open during the excavation and it led to a burial chamber, in which two arcosolia were hewn and a ceramic coffin was found. Such coffins were used for burial in the Western Galilee during the Roman period (‘Atiqot 33:151–162 [Hebrew]). A rim of a jar with a straight shoulder from the Persian period (Fig. 6:6) and a rim of a Phoenician jar from the Roman period (Fig. 6:7) are among the ceramic finds attributed to the phase when the quarry was used. The ceramic finds from the fill that covered the burial cave openings included a cooking pot from the Roman period (Fig. 6:3), a base of an imported amphora (Fig. 6:9) and a roof tile that was used to cover the coffin (Fig. 6:10). The potsherds and the ceramic coffin indicate that the activity in the quarry and the use of the tombs date to the Roman period.
Area 4. A bedrock surface with hewn cupmarks (diam. 0.15–0.30 m, depth 0.2–0.3 m; Fig. 9) was exposed. The date of hewing the cupmarks is unknown.
Area 5. A small quarry (1.4 × 2.0 m, depth 0.3 m); metal chisel marks were noted on the stone in the severance channels.
Area 6. A small quarry was discovered on a bedrock surface, and a natural cave whose roof had collapsed was situated nearby. Metal chisel marks were noted on the stone in the severance channels.
Area 7. A rectangular rock-hewn shaft (1.5 × 2.5 m), filled with hamra, was discovered. Hewn shafts for planting fruit trees were found throughout the Western Galilee (‘Atiqot 48:99*–104* [Hebrew]) and it seems that this shaft was also intended for a similar purpose.
Area 8. A large quarry (7 × 10 m; Fig. 10) was exposed on top of a bedrock surface. An imported bowl (Fig. 6:1) that dated to the Byzantine period was recovered from the fill in the quarry (L802). A field wall (W1; length 6 m) built of two courses of fieldstones and founded on the bedrock was exposed on the northern part of the bedrock surface. The wall dated to the Byzantine period, based on the potsherds discovered alongside it, including a bowl (Fig. 6:2) and a jar (Fig. 6:8). Potsherds from the Iron Age, including a cooking pot (Fig. 6:4) and a jar (Fig. 6:5), were found on the bedrock surface at the bottom of the quarry.
Stone quarries, rock-hewn burial caves, cupmarks, a shaft planter and a field wall were exposed in the eight excavation areas. The quarries, burial caves and agricultural installations were presumably used by the settlement on Tel ‘Avdon in the Roman and Byzantine periods.