During July 2005, a trial excavation was conducted at Zarnuqa in the Qiryat Moshe neighborhood of Rehovot (Permit No. A-4544*; map ref. NIG 18017–22/64302–7; OIG 13017–22/14302–7), prior to construction work. The excavation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, was directed by A. Dagot, with the assistance of E. Bachar (administration), A. Hajian (surveying and drafting), T. Sagiv (field photography), E. Yannai (pottery consultation) and M. Shuiskaya (drawing).
A single square was opened and five strata were documented (Fig. 1).
Stratum I. This stratum was a layer of fill that consisted of modern refuse and fragments of pottery vessels from the Ottoman period, including bowls (Fig. 2:1, 2, 4).
Stratum II. Scant wall remains preserved a single course high (W10; length 4.5 m, width 0.6 m) that probably belonged to a foundation wall. Potsherds from the Ottoman period were found in the fill adjacent to the wall, including jars (Fig. 2:7, 9). Part an installation or a pit (L105; length 0.4 m, width 0.85 m) was exposed in the northeastern corner of the square. It was lined with white plaster (thickness 0.05 m) that contained potsherds dating to the Ottoman period, e.g., a bowl (Fig. 2:3).
Stratum III. Layers of fill, composed of hamra soil and sand, below W10 (Loci 106, 107), which contained potsherds dating to the Ottoman period, i.e., a krater (Fig. 2:5) and a jar (Fig. 2:6).
Stratum IV. Stone collapse (L109) beneath the fill layers of Stratum III. Pottery vessels from the Ottoman period, including a jar (Fig. 2:8), were found while cleaning and dismantling collapse.
Stratum V. A layer of reddish hamra soil, devoid of any architectural remains, which contained a few body fragments of jars that dated to the Byzantine period.