During June 2004 a salvage excavation was conducted in the Beit Hanina neighborhood in north Jerusalem (Permit No. A-4180*; map ref. NIG 2216/6380; OIG 1716/1380). The excavation, carried out on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and sponsored by the Gihon Company, was directed by I. Zilberbod, with the assistance of V. Pirsky (surveying), T. Sagiv (photography), B. Touri (antiquities inspection) and C. Hersch (pottery drawing).
Two half squares (3.5 × 12.0 m; Fig. 1) were opened, revealing a wall (W1; width 1.4–1.6 m, height 0.88 m; Fig. 2) that was preserved two courses high. The wall, set atop a soil foundation (0.2–0.3 m), was built of medium (0.4 × 0.6 m) and large stones (1.0 × 1.2 m) with a fill of soil and small stones. A surface paved with stones (Fig. 1: Section 3-3; Loci 24, 25; 0.3 × 0.2 × 0.5 m) was exposed east of the wall and to its west was a floor of tamped earth and chalk (Fig. 1: Section 2-2; Loci 17, 18) on top of bedrock, in which numerous fissures and potholes were discerned. Upon both floors fragments of pottery vessels from the Early Roman period (first century CE), including jars (Fig. 3:1–3), jugs (Fig. 3:4–6) and a juglet (Fig. 3:7), were discovered.
It seems that the stone pavement delimited by the wall was part of the Roman road that led from Jerusalem to Shechem. Other sections of the road, which was c. 4.5 m wide, were exposed nearby in the past (Survey of Jerusalem, The Northeastern Sector, p. 9, Site 28; located c. 600 m south of the current excavation).