Eleven points were identified from west to east (F1–F11), in accordance with the development survey, and quarries, a winepress, a cistern, rock-cuttings, a tomb, a road and agricultural installations were found.
The excavation was conducted on the eastern and northern slopes of Umm ed-Diab (Fig. 2).
F1 (Point 38 in the development survey; Figs. 3, 4). A quarry extending across two bedrock outcrops was exposed; a stepped quarrying line (L101; height 0.4 m, length 4 m) was preserved in the west and a larger part of the quarry survived in the east that included several stepped quarrying lines and severance channels (L100).
F2 (Point 37 in the development survey; Figs. 5–7). A winepress with a square treading floor (L103) was exposed. On the floor’s southwestern wall (height 0.4 m) were two hewn rectangular surfaces (L107, L108; Fig. 6) where the grape clusters were probably placed prior to treading. A shallow channel that led to a collecting vat (L105) was hewn in the shallow northern corner of the southeastern wall. Another pit (depth 0.7 m) that was probably also a collecting vat (L104) was hewn c. 0.4 m north. The bottom of the southern collecting vat (L105) was hewn in the second phase thereby creating a large cistern (diam. 9 m, depth unknown; Fig. 7). The cistern was excavated to a depth of 5 m and plaster fragments were found inside it.
F3 (Figs. 8, 9). A wall (W213; height 1.1 m) built of two courses of stones along a north–south axis, which retained agricultural soil to the west (L204), was exposed. Wall 213 was constructed of large fieldstones arranged haphazardly on the bedrock. It seems that this was a terrace wall.
F4 (Figs. 10–14). A rectangular rock-cutting (width 0.9 m, depth 0.2–0.6 m) along an east–west axis was exposed; it started shallow and rose moderately to the west (L210; Fig. 13) c. 1.2 m up to a terrace (height 0.1 m). The rock-cutting continued west at the same width and ascended gently along four similar terraces, in accordance with the topography until reaching the top of the hill. The rock-cutting became narrow (c. 0.4 m) on the upper terrace (L211; Fig. 14) and wider again terminating in soft, friable bedrock. Three steps hewn in the bedrock (L207) were identified c. 1 m north of the rock-cutting.
F5 (Point 78 in the development survey; Figs. 15, 16). A rock-hewn burial cave was documented at this point, of which only the courtyard (L201) was excavated. The tomb’s facade was hewn in the shape of an inverted U, at the bottom of which was a rock-cut opening of the cave in which secondary chisel marks were visible. The tomb’s rock-hewn courtyard was trapezoidal. A ceramic assemblage dating to the first century BCE that included cooking pots (Fig. 17:1–4) and jars (Fig. 17:5–12) was found on its floor.
F6 (Point 79 in the development survey; Fig. 18). A road was constructed of two rows of parallel fieldstones 2 m apart, that were placed on the ground. The roadbed consisted of indigenous soil (L202).
F7 (Figs. 19, 20). A square rock-cutting on a boulder (L208) was documented. The center of the rock-cutting was coarsely worked; it was probably preparation for a winepress that was never completed. Another quarrying line (L209: length 2 m) was identified c. 10 m to the east.
F8 (Point 80 in the development survey; Fig. 21). A line was identified consisting of four large fieldstones (L301) set in place on the bedrock along an east–west axis. Abutting it from the south were two parallel lines of stones (length 2 m) running in a north–south direction, 1 m apart (L302, L303). No finds were discovered in the fill between the stones (L305)
F9 (Point 81 in the development survey; Figs. 22–24). An elliptical treading floor was exposed in the south of the area and a conical collecting vat (L308; Fig. 22) was situated north of it. A rectangular treading floor was uncovered in the north of the area, north of which was a circular collecting vat (L309; Fig. 23). About 7 m north of them were exposed three cupmarks that were hewn in a boulder (L310;Figs. 25, 26).
F10 (Figs 27, 28). A smoothed, worked bedrock surface (L307; 4 × 5 m) was exposed that was probably a threshing floor.
F11 (Point 82 in the development survey; Figs. 29, 30). Ancient flint quarries (L311, L312) were identified but not excavated.
The sites that were exposed were probably utilized by the Umm ed-Diab antiquity site that is located at the top of the hill. It was not possible to date any of the finds other than the burial cave (F5) which dates to the Early Roman period based on the pottery sherds that were found in its opening.