A large architectural unit was revealed in the primary excavation area; the walls of this unit were partly visible, protruding above the modern surface prior to the excavation. Only close to half of this large multiroom structure was exposed, resulting in 19 excavated or partially excavated rooms of the building. The protruding walls above modern surface indicated that the unit extended to the west (Fig. 3). The building was constructed on a slope, resulting in terraced or stepped architecture; four terraces were defined (Figs. 4, 5). A north–south retaining wall was strategically placed in a number of rooms to compensate for the height discrepancies between the terraces.
The walls of the building, often preserved in excess of 1 m high, were constructed from local limestone, often huge boulders (Fig. 6). The massive stone collapse found in most rooms provided evidence for a stone superstructure up to or almost to the ceiling. Two of the rooms were divided by partition walls that incorporated monoliths and had stone shelves in the spaces between the upright stones.
Entrances between the rooms were often flanked by a large uprightstone. Corner installations were found in some rooms, probably for storage. Poorly preserved ovens were found in areas designated as courtyards. The size of the rooms is irregular and a few rooms are of comparable dimension. In one of the rooms, a square stone slab was placed above a standing stone, identified as a worktable or serving an alternate function (Fig. 7).
The floors consisted of hard packed debris, crushed limestone, and stone-slab paving (Fig. 8) or smoothed leveled bedrock. Large quantities of storage vessels (pithoi), smashed in situ, were found in some of the rooms along the walls, some bearing applied rope decoration (Fig. 9). In other cases, large pithoi were imbedded into the floor and served as non-mobile installations.
Retrieved finds included potsherds, basalt groundstone implements and stone weights. Additional small finds included an intact bronze needle (length 15 cm) and an intact toggle pin with incised decoration that was found next to a scarab (Fig. 10). An intact well-preserved metal bracelet was also found and will undergo metallurgical examination to clarify its dating.
The excavations at Ramat Razim Site 27 uncovered well-preserved architectural remains from the ancient settlement that dated to the mid-second millennium BCE. The site occupation period spanned Middle Bronze II and Late Bronze I, based on the pottery assemblage, after which it was abandoned and never resettled. It is probable that the difficult and challenging terrain discouraged resettlement at the site.
The well-preserved walls of additional units are visible both from the ground and in aerial photographs and warrant excavation to determine if all are of similar nature and of the same date as the excavated unit.