F1 (Figs. 2, 3). A small rock-hewn winepress composed of a square treading floor (1.5 × 1.8 m) and an elliptical collecting vat (0.7 × 1.5 m, depth 0.4 m).
F2 (Figs. 4, 5). A small rock-hewn winepress composed of a treading floor (1.7 × 2.3 m) and an elliptical collecting vat (0.7 × 1.3 m, depth 0.7 m).
F3 (Figs. 6, 7). A clearance heap consisting of medium-sized stones. Potsherds dating to the Chalcolithic period or Early Bronze I were discovered at the bottom of a probe, excavated in the northwestern side of the heap, c. 0.5 m above the bedrock.
F4 (Figs. 8, 9). A medium-sized cupmark hewn in the bedrock (diam. 0.45 m, depth c. 0.3 m). Flint artifacts dating to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A period, including a scraper, were discovered around the cupmark.
F5 (Figs. 10, 11). Section of a field wall (exposed length c. 4 m) founded on the bedrock. The wall, built of medium-sized fieldstones and oriented northeast-southwest, was preserved a single course high.
Forty-one flint artifacts were collected from the surface, including eighteen chunks, twelve flakes, four primary flakes, four blades, one core, a small bifacial axe and a single debitage item of a bifacial tool. All the artifacts are made of flint from the Mesas Formation
and items knapped from this raw material are prevalent at the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A sites in Modi‘in (HA-ESI 122
). The bifacial axe and debitage from the bifacial tool are noteworthy; both are commonly found at Pre-Pottery Neolithic A sites (Barkai R. 2005. Flint and Stone Axes as Cultural Markers: Socio-Economic Changes as Reflected in Holocene Flint Tool Industries of the Southern Levant
[Studies in Early Near Eastern Production, Subsistence, and Environment, Vol. 11]. Berlin). The Pre-Pottery Neolithic A sites excavated in the Modi‘in region are characterized by a high percentage of bifacial tools, bifacial tool debitage and an unmistakable flake industry. The flint artifacts in the excavation probably originated from a site that has not yet been documented.