Square 1 Soil fill (L104, L107) below the pebble layer was deposited on another layer of wadi pebbles (thickness 0.2–0.4 m), which was probably created naturally when the nearby streams flooded. Remains of a floor that was composed of medium-sized fieldstones (L105) and abutted the eastern side of W11 were exposed close to the surface in the northern part of the square. The fieldstone pavement was set on a bedding of dark soil, which overlain a layer of wadi pebbles (L106). It seems that the pebble layers in Loci 101–103 were part of the same foundation and the floor above them was not preserved (Figs. 3, 4). The foundations of two walls (W10, W11) that form a corner were exposed 0.3 m below the surface; the walls were built of medium and large fieldstones. A layer of wadi pebbles (L101–L103; thickness 5–15 cm) that contained a few potsherds abutted the walls from the west, north and south.
Fragments of pottery vessels from the Byzantine period were discovered in the soil fill above and below the pebble layers. These included a few Phocaean Red Slipped Ware bowls (PRSW; Fig. 5:1, 2), Fine Byzantine Ware bowls (Fig. 5:5), Gaza jars (Fig. 5:6) and baggy-shaped jars (Fig. 5:7, 8), as well as fragments of glass vessels that also dated to the Byzantine period (fifth–seventh centuries CE).
Square 2 Floor beddings (L201, L202; thickness 0.1–0.2 m) of different size wadi pebbles and a few stones and potsherds abutted W20 on the north and south. A similar floor bedding (L203) abutted W21 on the south and east. Soil fill (L204, L205) below the beddings, deposited on a layer of wadi pebbles (thickness 0.2–0.4 m), was probably created during a flood, similar to the pebble layer in Sq 1. A concentration of medium-sized fieldstones (L200) was discovered above W22 in the northeastern corner of the square. In the square’s northern balk, 0.1 m above Floor Bedding 201, a layer of lumpy light colored mortar and white tesserae was discerned, possibly the remains of a mosaic floor that did not survive (Figs. 6, 7). A corner of a building (W20, W22) was exposed 0.5 m below the surface. Another wall (W21) was revealed in the northwestern corner of the square. The northern sides of Walls 20 and 21 were built of large semi-dressed limestone, whereas their southern sides consisted of small and medium-sized fieldstones. Most of W22 was destroyed.
The soil fill below and above Beddings 201–203 contained fragments of pottery vessels dating to the Byzantine period, including an imported PRSW bowl (Fig. 5:3), baggy-shaped jars (Fig. 5:9, 10), a jar stopper (Fig. 5:11) and small fragments of glass vessels from the Byzantine period.
Square 3 (Figs. 8, 9). A section of a wall (W30), built of medium and large fieldstones, similar to the walls in Sq 1, was exposed. The area on either side of the wall was not excavated. A fragment of a Cypriot Red Slipped Ware bowl (CRSW; Fig. 5:4) that is dated to the fifth–sixth centuries CE was discovered in the soil fill above W30 (L300).
Building remains that were of similar construction, orientation and elevation and ascribed to a single period were exposed in the three squares. It seems that these remains were part of the same complex, possibly a farmstead located next to agricultural land. Based on the backhoe probe trenching around the excavation area, it is estimated that the farmstead extended across an area of c. 4 dunams. The fragments of imported bowls recovered from the excavation seem to indicate that the residents were well-off. Based on the ceramic finds and the glass artifacts, the building remains are dated to the Byzantine period (fifth–seventh centuries CE), a date that is in keeping with the winepress exposed to the northeast. The proximity of the winepress to the building remains seems to suggest a connection between them, and it is possible that the people who lived at the site were engaged in growing grapes and wine production.