Area A. A limekiln (L10; upper diam. 4 m, lower diam. 2.9 m, depth 4 m; Figs. 2, 3) hewn in limestone bedrock was exposed. Several stones, arranged in a circle at the bottom of the kiln, were discovered. The firebox in the upper part of the kiln was destroyed. Based on a comparison to similar limekilns, this installation seems to date to the Ottoman period and the British Mandate era. A rock-hewn pit (L11; diam. c. 1 m, depth c. 0.9 m) was discerned to the northwest of the kiln. A milestone (L12; diam. 0.6 m, length 2.3 m; Fig. 4) was exposed south of the kiln and further up the slope. It was lying on a bedrock surface and its stone dressing was incomplete. It seems that the milestone had a square base and its dimensions were similar to those of milestones discovered in the region, which dated to the Roman and Byzantine periods (R. Roll and E. Ayalon 1984. Roman Roads in the Foothills of Samaria and Northern Judea. Israel – People and Land, I :131–145 [Hebrew]).
Area B. Four tombs hewn in limestone were discovered (L20–L23). Tombs 21 and 22, apparently plundered in the past, were double arcosolia (L21—0.6×1.5 m; L22—0.6×1.6 m; Figs. 5–7). The covering stone of Tomb 21 (0.55×1.10 m) was discovered near the tomb; it was placed back on top of the tomb during the excavation. Rock-hewn channels, probably meant to drain rainwater, were located nearby, to the south and east of Tomb 21. A short channel (length 0.15 m, width 6 cm), also used to drain rainwater, was hewn in the southwestern corner of Tomb 22. The tomb’s cover was found in situ (1.1×1.8 m, thickness 0.45 m). Based on the shape of Tombs 21 and 22, they should be dated to the Late Roman and Byzantine periods. Tombs 20 and 23 (L20—0.55×1.70 m; L23—0.6×1.5 m; Figs. 8–10), the former located c. 60 m east of the latter, were hewn graves. Just to the south and west of Tomb 20 was a hewn channel that probably drained rainwater. Five cupmarks (L20/1–L20/5; diam. 0.16–0.40 m, depth 0.1–0.5 m) were hewn near Tomb 20, on the same bedrock surface. The quarrying of Cupmark 20/5 was incomplete.
Area C. Two adjacent rock-cuttings were discovered (L30, L31; Fig. 11). The marks on Rock-Cutting 30 suggest that a covering stone of similar dimensions to that found on Tomb 22 was quarried (Fig. 12). Negatives of a tomb cover (?) and two square surfaces (0.7×0.9 m, 0.9×0.9 m) were discerned in Rock-Cutting 31 (Fig. 13). A hewn cupmark (diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.15 m) was noted to the north of Rock-Cutting 31.
It seems that the tombs and the quarries, in which covering stones for mortuaries may have been hewn, were associated with Khirbat el-Bira, located to the north of the site, where a manor house from the Byzantine period was discovered (Z. Safrai and S. Dar 1997. Horvat Bira – A Manor House on the Lod Shephelah. In Z. Safrai et al. [eds.], Hikirei Eretz, pp. 57–107). Khirbat Burnat itself yielded only meager finds from the Byzantine period (Qadmoniot 136:104 [Hebrew]).