The Early Phase
A simple winepress was built; its components included a treading floor (L121) and a collecting vat (L161), separated by a wall (W156). The treading floor (9.5 × 10.9 m) was paved with a mosaic (size of tesserae 3 × 3 cm), a section of which was exposed in the southwestern corner of the surface (L129; 1.0 × 1.3 m; Fig. 4), beneath the remains of a storage cell that was dated to the late phase (L126). The western side of the mosaic section (129) ended in a straight line at W156 (width 0.4 m). The mosaic bedding, composed of small stones and bonded with cement, was overlain with a layer of white cement (thickness c. 5 cm); it was preserved in most of the treading floor area. Collecting Vat 161 was a square cell (3.0 × 3.2 m), delimited by four walls (W156–W159). An octagonal collecting vat was built within it in the late phase. A paved surface (L139) had apparently surrounded the collecting vat and only remains of its foundation, which abutted the foundation trench of the winepress’ western enclosure wall (W145), were preserved. The entire winepress was enclosed by walls on four sides (W116, W145, W146, W149; width 1.15 m).
The Late Phase
The simple winepress was converted into a complex industrial winepress in this phase (Fig. 5).  The major change was in the construction of four storage cells (Loci 122, 123, 126, 152; 0.8 × 2.0 m, height 1.4 m; Figs. 6, 7) along the eastern and southern sides of the treading floor. The cells, built of small stones bonded in cement, formed an L-shaped structure (width c. 2.5 m height 1.5 m) and were almost completely preserved. They were paved with a coarse mosaic and their walls were coated with a thick layer of plaster that contained potsherds; their ceiling was thick and vaulted (thickness c. 0.8 m). A treading floor was built on the roof of each of the cells. The floors were of a coarse mosaic, delineated by partition walls (W134, W136, W148; width c. 0.5 m) and poorly preserved. The facades of the storage cells faced the main treading floor (L121) and their openings were higher than its floor. Round holes (diam. c. 5 cm) were discovered at the bottom of the walls in the front of Cells 123 and 126. These were probably intended for pipes that led to the built vat in the screw base recess (L155) in the center of the treading floor. A lead pipe (diam. c. 3 cm) was discovered inside this vat, opposite Cell 126.
The main treading floor was reduced by about a third of its original size (5.4 × 5.5 m) and it was repaved with a coarse mosaic (tesserae size 4 × 4 cm; Loci 120, 132), of which only two sections were preserved. The tesserae were arranged diagonally, except for the frame along the edges of the floor that consisted of two rows of tesserae. The floor bedding was composed of small stones bonded with cement. A recess for the base of the press screw (L155; 2 × 2 m, depth 0.8 m; Fig. 8) was exposed in the center of the treading floor. The sides of the recess were destroyed in antiquity; however, its margins, built of large stones, were preserved. A rectilinear cavity (0.3 × 0.5 m, depth c. 0.2 m; Fig. 9) was cut at the bottom of the recess. A lead pipe (diam. c. 3 cm) that faced Storage Cell 126 was set in the southern side of the cavity and another lead pipe (diam. c. 5 cm) that connected to the settling pit (L138), located west of the treading floor, was fixed in the western side of the cavity. A fragment of a limestone screw press (c. 0.8 × 0.8 m, thickness 0.2 m) with a square hole in its center (0.4 × 0.4 m; Fig. 10) was discovered nearby. Millstones placed one atop the other, whose stratigraphic context is unclear, were recorded in the southeastern corner of the treading floor (Fig. 11).
Wall 156 continued to be used in this phase, separating the treading floor from the collecting vat (L115) and the settling pit (L138). Floor 120 in the treading floor ended in a straight line and abutted W156. Floor 139 to the west of W156 continued to be used. The leveled bedding of a mosaic floor was discovered in the area of Floor 139 but only a small section of the mosaic itself that consisted of coarse tesserae (L118) survived in the southeastern corner.
An octagonal collecting vat (L115; length per side 2.38 m, depth c. 1.5 m; Fig. 12) was built inside the collecting vat of the early phase. The space between the sides of the octagonal vat and the earlier collecting vat (L161) was filled with small stones, bonded with mortar. The walls of the octagonal vat were coated with a thick layer of white plaster and its floor was paved with a coarse mosaic, which characterize the pavements of the winepress in the late phase. The floor was framed at the edges with two rows of tesserae that were arranged in a different direction than that of the floor tesserae. A circular, stepped pit, lined with stones, was cut in the center of the vat (upper part diam. 0.8 m, lower part diam. 0.4 m, depth 0.5 m). A stone was fixed in its center to secure the screw. A round niche (width 0.5 m, height c. 0.6 m), which contained a lead pipe (diam. c. 5 cm) that led to Settling Pit 138, was installed in the northeastern wall of the collecting vat.