Stratum III. A single course of a wall (W16; Fig. 2), built of large ashlar stones, was exposed on virgin soil. A pavement (L18; 547.07 m above sea level) composed of small stones, numerous potsherds and flint items abutted the top of the wall from the east.

Stratum II. This stratum consisted of an accumulation, surmounted by a pavement (547.38 m above sea level) that was similar to the one in L18.

Stratum I. An accumulation of soil and stones superposed by a pavement of small stones (547.70 m above sea level) was exposed. Above this layer was a deposit of alluvium (0.8 m thick) that did not yield any significant archaeological finds.

The finds from Strata III and II, which should be ascribed to the Late Chalcolithic period, included potsherds that are characteristic of the Galilee and are mostly are slipped red, as well as several vessels of the Golan pottery tradition. Among the artifacts recovered from Stratum I were residual potsherds from previous strata and a few potsherds that can be ascribed to Early Bronze IA, including gray-burnished vessels.

 

Four plots with artifacts from the Chalcolithic period and the Early Bronze Age were discerned in the survey; no artifacts were found in five other plots. The prehistoric settlement at Peqi‘in is estimated to have covered an area of c. 100 dunams (c. 200 × 600 m). It is impossible to assess whether the settlement was densely built or if groups of buildings within it were spread out some distance from each other. Nevertheless, it should be noted that the artifacts recovered from the four plots were from the two settlement periods found in the excavation.

 

Early Bronze II potsherds were collected from farming terraces near the tomb of Rabbi Yosey and ‘En Yosey, which lie beyond the limits of the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze IA settlement, on the slope below the ancient core of the village. A settlement had probably been established there.

 

The excavation and survey indicate that a large protohistoric settlement existed in the eastern part of the Peqi‘in Valley during the Late Chalcolithic period and the beginning of the Early Bronze Age.