A ritual bath (miqwe
), a hewn tunnel and a cave from the Early Roman period (Strata I, II) were excavated. The miqwe
was coated with plaster and consisted of a square pit (L187; 1.5 × 1.5 m, max. depth 1.6 m) in whose northern wall was a hewn arched opening that led to a vaulted underground chamber (L189; 1.2 × 2.1 m, height 1.6 m). A hewn tunnel (L118; length 3 m, width 1.2 m, height 1.3 m), which was coated with plaster different than that of the miqwe
, led from the western wall of Chamber 189 to a round rock-cut cave (L115; diam. c. 3 m) that was mostly filled with alluvium and not excavated. It seems that this complex served as a hiding refuge. An arched opening in the western side of Cave 115 led to a plastered underground chamber that was not excavated.
Associated with the Byzantine period (Strata III, IV) were two parts of rooms (Loci 183, 186). An opening (width 1 m) was set in their common wall (W15). A large stone (0.7 × 0.8 × 1.0 m) with a square hewn recess (0.2 × 0.2 m) that was used as an installation was exposed in Room 183. Ascribed to the end of the Byzantine period (Stratum IV) were the well-preserved remains of a building, constructed from ashlars. The building consisted of four rooms (Loci 181, 188, 191, 192), a plastered pool (L182) and a staircase (W10). A tamped chalk floor was uncovered in Room 188; on the floor in the middle of the room was a square stone that could have been used as a column base. The eastern wall of the room and the floor were built on the miqwe from the Roman period. The opening of Room 189 in the miqwe was sealed and the tunnel and cave, which were connected to the miqwe were adapted for storing water. These building remains attest to the importance of the settlement in this period.
The building continued to be used without alterations in the Umayyad period (Stratum V).
The remains from the Fatimid period (Stratum VI) consisted of a cluster of potsherds, including green and white glazed bowls, which was discovered in the eastern part of the excavation area.
A small section of a massive wall (W1; length 8 m, width 1.6 m, preserved height 1.5 m) was attributed to the Crusader period (Stratum VII). Wall 1 was oriented east–west and a pilaster (W5; 1.2 × 1.4 m, height 2.4 m) abutted it from the south.
A few potsherds from the Mamluk period (Stratum VIII) were discovered; these were mostly found inside later fills and a few had penetrated into the habitation level of the Umayyad period.