During February 2007, a trial excavation was conducted in the Buchman compound (South), in Modi‘in (Permit No. A-5045; map ref. NIG 200676/643788; OIG 150676/143788), following the exposure of a cave. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and funded by the Ministry of Construction and Housing, was directed by T. Lakichevic, with the assistance of S. Ya‘aqov-Jam (administration), A. Hajian and N. Zak (surveying and drafting), D.T. Ariel (numismatics), M. Peilstöcker, A. Re’em, R. Lupu, T. Kanias, A. Gorzalczany and Y. Elisha (IAA Central Region).
The elliptical cave (4 × 5 m; Fig. 1) had its opening in the north (width c. 2.5 m, height 0.5–1.0 m). The ceiling slanted to the west (east side height 1.5 m, west side height 0.5 m) and the southern part of its floor sloped to a depth c. 2 m (L108; ceiling height 2.5 m). A column built of three large stones and standing 1 m high supported the ceiling in the western side of the cave, opposite the opening (Fig. 2).
The interior of the cave was covered with collapse that was devoid of finds. A level of soil below it had two hearths in its center (Fig. 3), one of which contained potsherds and a flint flake (L105) and in the other (L103) were tiny animal bones, possibly those of a bird. The potsherds were mainly ribbed body fragments, characteristic of the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods and a potsherd of a large jar with wavy decoration that prevail at the beginning of the Early Islamic period (Fig. 4). A Arab-Byzantine coin from the middle of the seventh century CE (IAA 111474) was also found.
It appears that the cave was used for some activities at the end of the seventh or the beginning of the eighth centuries CE.