Three sediment layers were discerned in the excavation areas. The surface top soil formed the upper layer (thickness 0.5 m), which was characterized by dark brown clayey soil that had been prepared for farming and disturbed by deep plowing over many years. This horizontal layer contained only a few archaeological finds. The middle layer (thickness over 0.6 m) was a gray-brown clayey soil, rich in organic material and ash, which yielded most of the remains and artifacts in the excavation. Two stratified levels composed the layer. The upper level (thickness 0.2 m) was small, mostly angular limestone gravel (length 2–5 cm), as well as many basalt fragments, mostly burnt and therefore dark in color. This level was exposed in all excavation squares and it sealed the settlement level at the site. The lower level (thickness 0.4 m) was light colored friable clayey soil mixed with small stones. All the building remains at the site were exposed in this level. The bottom layer (thickness 0.7 m) was reddish brown terra rossa soil (heavy clay soil), without any inclusions. This was a sterile layer set above the bedrock.

Area A. Upon removal of top soil, two parallel walls (W1, W2), 1.5 m apart, were exposed in Squares X11 and X12. Wall 1 was built of different sized fieldstones to a height of three courses; the upper course was partly disturbed and several of its stones were removed. Wall 2 was constructed from large rectangular stones to a height of a single course. The walls, which probably extended eastward, delimited a long narrow area that was oriented east–west (path? small room? L102; length 4 m, width 1.5 m). This area was paved with small stones that were set on a surface of densely packed stones. Another wall (W4), which was aligned north–south and extended southward to Square X10, abutted Wall 2. It seems that W4 enclosed the eastern side of a square building. A round hearth (L108), built of small stones, was discovered in the corner between the two walls. A wall (W3) built of two rows of stones was exposed in Square X13. To its north and close to the western end of the wall was a round installation (L105) that probably served as a column base.
Area B. Several building complexes that were of similar construction to those exposed in Area A were excavated. A square building (L202; c. 10 sq m) was uncovered in Square X17. Two of its walls (W14, W15) were built of medium-sized fieldstones and preserved 0.3 m high, whereas the other two walls (W13, W17) consisted of large dressed stones and were preserved two courses high (c. 0.5 m). It seems that the entrance to the building was fixed in the southern part of W15. Stones that had collapsed from the upper course of the walls were discovered inside the building, which was paved with small tamped stones (thickness 5 cm). A circle of small burnt stones (diam. c. 0.3 m) that were probably the remains of a built hearth was exposed next to W14. Column bases were preserved in two of the room’s corners and it is reasonable to assume that originally, four column bases were in the building. The finds in the building included numerous flint tools, grinding stones and animal bones—the remains of everyday activity. Noteworthy among the flint tools were the axes in various stages of knapping, which were discarded in the wake of mistakes during the knapping process or because the axe broke. South of the building, in Square X16, another building (L203) that was apparently disturbed by deep plowing and only its northern and eastern walls had survived, was exposed. The building was paved with densely packed small stones and in its center was a large flat stone, probably a work station. A shallow depression near the northern wall (W11) contained eleven flint nodules together, surrounded by a high concentration of debitage and a few tools. The knapping debitage is especially interesting since it includes numerous extra thin flakes, which are characteristic of axe preparation. Three axes were found in the debitage; two were in the initial stages of shaping and the third was complete. A shallow depression at the fore part of the building contained a large quantity of debitage. It seems that Building 203 was a knapping spot for producing bifacial tools.