A staircase that survived by the bottom two steps (length 1 m, height c. 0.25 m; Fig. 1) led to the miqwe. A rock-hewn double portal (width of openings 0.57 m and 0.67 m) separated between the steps and the immersion chamber. The bottom part of the partition pillar, which apparently bore two arches, one on either side, survived in the center of the portal. The immersion chamber was almost square (2.45 × 2.90 m, max. height 2.5 m) and at its bottom were four rock-cut steps (each c. 0.25 m high; length of two top steps 0.4 m, length of two bottom steps 0.8 m). The entire miqwe, including the remains of the ceiling, was coated with gray plaster of very high quality. The bottom part of the side (to a height of 1.5 m) was coated with another plaster layer of a similar quality. Based on the height of the maximum possible water storage capacity in the miqwe, there were probably one or two other plastered steps outside the bath that were destroyed prior to the excavation. The miqwe was the first allusion to the existence of a small settlement or farm from the Second Temple period in this region; the nearest known settlement of this period is located at Sheikh Badar (Binyene Ha-Umma), c. 2 km north of the miqwe (ESI 13:72–78; HA-ESI 120).
During the modern era, the miqwe was used as a room or storeroom. The interior of the miqwe was filled and leveled to the height of the top step. It is apparent that the fill was deposited in an orderly manner after the miqwe had been cleaned of earlier finds. The fill included various sized fieldstones and indigenous terra rossa soil, which contained some eroded potsherds. A tamped earth floor was set on top of the fill. Several steps of roughly hewn stones that led into the room were built in this phase. A jar from the Ottoman period (Fig. 2) was positioned near the outer side of the portal pillar, below the level of the floor, to collect the runoff from the outer steps and prevent water from entering into the chamber. The finds above the floor, which included ‘Gaza’ potsherds, glass fragments and soles of shoes, as well as the jar in the entrance, date the second phase of the miqwe to the second half of the nineteenth century or the first half of the twentieth century CE. The fill contained ceramic fragments, mostly dating to Iron II, some were from the Second Temple period and a few dated to the Byzantine period, as well as bones of sheep or goats and chickens.