In February 2013, a salvage excavation was conducted at Tel ‘Afar in the Giv‘at Olga quarter of Hadera (Permit No. A-6713; map ref. 188762–811/705763–864), to document ancient remains destroyed near the western cliff of the tell overlooking the sea. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by the Hadera municipality, was directed by M. Massarwa (field photography), with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), R. Mishayev and M. Kahan (surveying and drafting), P. Gendelman (ceramic consultation), N. Zak (plan) and M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing).
Four squares (1–4; Fig. 2) were excavated, exposing the partial remains of foundations of what were probably mosaic floors in dwellings and pottery from the Late Byzantine period, indicating that the Byzantine-period settlement expanded as far as the seashore.
Square 1 (5 × 5 m; Fig. 3). Remains of a section of a poorly preserved floor foundation (L522; 2.0 × 2.5 m) were found at a depth of 0.2 m below the surface. The foundation was built of small kurkar stones, potsherds, marble and roof tiles bonded in white plaster. Numerous tesserae of different sizes and colors were found in the fill above the foundation.
Squares 2 and 3 (c. 10 × 12 m; Fig. 4). Several sections of poorly preserved mosaic floor foundations (L509–L514) were found at a depth of 0.15 m below the surface. Many tesserae of different sizes and colors, probably originating from a residential building were found in the fill above the foundation. A drainage channel (length c. 6 m, width 0.12 m, depth 0.1 m) that probably conveyed rainwater from the roofs of buildings was exposed in Sq 3. The channel began in the east and ran west, wound to the southwest and severed the floor foundation. In Sq 2, a segment of a similar channel (length 2.5 m) was uncovered that was probably connected to the channel in Sq 3. Three kurkar ashlar stones (0.4 × 0.4 × 0.8 m), arranged in a north–south direction, were exposed in the southeastern corner of Sq 2; they probably represent a portion of a wall.
Square 4 (5 × 5 m; Fig. 5). Remains of what was apparently a mosaic floor foundation (L515–L518) were found. The foundation was mostly destroyed; all that survived was a small section in the northwestern corner. Numerous tesserae of different sizes and colors were found in its vicinity.
The recovered pottery includeda base of a Cypriot Red Slip bowl from the sixth–seventh centuries CE (Fig. 6:1), a jug rim from the fifth–sixth centuries CE (Fig. 6:2), a juglet base from the seventh–eighth centuries CE (Fig. 6:3) and Gaza jar rims from the sixth–seventh centuries CE (Fig. 6:4–6).
Peilstöcker M. 1997. Tel ‘Afar. ESI
Porath Y. 1990. Tel ‘Afar. ESI 7–8:1–3.