A square was opened, revealing part of a mausoleum, a wall adjacent to its north (W111; Fig 2) and a refuse pit (L120). The general outline of the building was exposed without excavating the floors and the tombs. Thus, it was only possible to date the later phases of the mausoleum’s use, based on the construction phases, to the Late Roman and the Byzantine periods (third–sixth centuries CE).
One of the mausoleum’s walls (W103) built of roughly hewn, medium and large ashlar stones, divided the structure into eastern and western parts. A large ashlar stone (0.20 × 0.65 × 0.65 m) apparently served as a door threshold that linked the two sections of the structure.
The eastern part of the mausoleum (1.8 × 2.2 m) was damaged by construction activity in antiquity and modern development work. In the northwestern corner of the eastern part was a plastered tomb (L107) whose southern wall (width 0.45 m, length 0.95 m, height 0.2 m) was built of small stones and plastered on both sides. The tomb contained human bones and a skull, in situ, and the remains of its upper covering, which was composed of white-plastered layers. The floor of the tomb (thickness c. 10 cm) was coated with two layers of plaster.
Leaning up against the interior walls of the mausoleum in the east and south were the remains of other tombs whose walls were built of small stones. In the southern side, where the entrance was located, a light color plaster floor was exposed c. 0.3 m below the threshold level and three lead strips (2 × 5 cm) were found above it. In the balk of a probe that was excavated in the northern part of the mausoleum, an intact lamp (Fig. 4:18) whose provenance was most probably in the burial structure itself, was found; similar lamps at the site were dated to the fourth–fifth centuries CE.
In the western part of the structure, west of W103, the tops of walls of another chamber (1.2 × 2.2 m), which had traces of white plaster, were exposed. A tomb was found in the southern part of the chamber; based on traces of plaster on its walls, it contained at least two tombs. The excavation and the removal of the skeletons were not completed.
A wall built of small and medium-sized basalt stones (W111) was exposed north of the mausoleum and adjacent to its northern wall (W105). This wall seems to have been damaged during development work. Based on the foundation trench and the destroyed stones in the exterior face of the burial structure, W111 apparently postdated the mausoleum. At the level of the top of W111 was a layer of potsherds and gray soil mixed with fresh-water mollusk shells, evidence of a nearby source of water. This was probably the bedding of a floor that belonged to an upper structure, which did not survive. Below the bedding north of W111 was a concentration of numerous potsherds, including jars, bowls, cooking pots, lamps and tabun fragments (L120). It seems that this was a refuse pit from the Byzantine period. In a probe excavated at the bottom of the refuse pit to a depth of 1.95 m below surface (elevation -126.9 m), a layer of natural soil that was rich in travertine sediment (L123), was exposed.
The finds from the surface included three coins, the earliest is dated to the years 383–395 CE, the second to 425–435 CE and the latest, from the mint in Rome, to the time of Constans II (641–663 CE). A bronze weight (1.1 × 1.4 mm, 4.47 grams) was also found.
One hundred and five vessel rims were counted; approximately one quarter dated to the third century CE and the rest—to the fifth–beginning of the sixth centuries CE. The finds from the Roman period consisted of vessels that are similar to those from the pottery workshop at Kefar Hananya, including bowls (Type 1B; Fig. 3:1), cooking pots (Type 4C; Fig. 3:2) and jars that resemble those manufactured at the Shikhin workshop (Fig. 3:3, 4). The finds from the Byzantine period included bowls (Fig. 3:5, 6), handmade kraters (Fig. 3:7), lids and fry pans (Fig. 3:8, 9), cooking pots without a neck (Fig. 3:10), barrel-shaped jars (Fig. 3:11, 12), an imported amphora (Fig.3:13) and a juglet (Fig. 3:14), as well as four Byzantine lamps (Fig. 3:15–18). The glass assemblage included fragments of bowls, bottles, wine goblets and fragments of lamps that dated to the latter part of the Roman and the Byzantine periods, and at least two fragments that dated to the beginning of the Umayyad period.