In October 2011, a salvage excavation was conducted in Kafr Kama (Permit No. A-6282; map ref. 24178–80/73628–31) after ancient remains were discovered during the construction of a residential building. The excavation, conducted on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was directed by E. Amos, with the assistance of Y. Lavan (administration), M. Kahan (surveying and drafting), H. Tahan (artifacts drawing), Y. Gorin-Rosen (glass) and G. Bijovsky (numismatics).
A section of a paved road (L6; Figs. 1–3), flanked by parallel curbs (W2, W8) on either side, 2.1 m apart, was discovered. The road, which sloped to the east, was built of crushed chalk mixed with small stones and pottery sherds. Wall 2 (exposed length 9 m) was founded on limestone bedrock that descends from north to south (Fig. 4). The southern face of the wall was built of large basalt stones, whereas its northern face was constructed of small fieldstones; the stones were bonded with white mortar. Wall 8 was destroyed, except for two stones preserved in the southeast of the square. They were founded on soil and boulders because the bedrock in that spot deeps down. It seems that the wall had eroded downslope toward the south; nevertheless, its route could be discerned along the preserved section of road.
Two post-reform Umayyad coins (697–750 CE; IAA 142154, 142155) were discovered beneath the road (L9). On the road and below it were potsherds dating to the Umayyad period (seventh–eighth centuries CE). These included a krater (Fig. 5:8), a frying pan (Fig. 5:9), a lid (Fig. 5:10) and jars (Fig. 5:11–13). Mixed loci included potsherds dating to the Roman and Byzantine periods (fourth–fifth centuries CE), among them Late Roman C bowls (Fig. 5:1–3), Cypriot Red Slip bowls (Fig. 5:4–6) and a cooking pot (Fig. 5:7). These mixed loci also yielded fragments of glass vessels dating to the Late Byzantine and Umayyad periods (from the end of the sixth century until the eighth century CE), and one dated to the end of the Roman period.
The paved road exposed in the course of the excavation probably dates to the Umayyad period (mid-eighth century CE). Ascending to the village from the east, this seems to have been a main road. Its discovery provides a clue regarding the importance of the settlement during this period
Saarisalo A. 1963. Kafr Kama, a Church or Monastery from the Sixth Century CE. HA 7:15 (Hebrew).
Tzori N. 1969. Kafr Kama. HA 28-29:8 (Hebrew).