The excavation area extended along the eastern bank of Nahal Hed (Fig. 1). Two residential buildings were exposed (Figs. 2, 3); they were dated to the Iron Age IIA based on the ceramic finds and 14C analyses. During the excavation, pottery sherd scatters dating to the Byzantine period and the modern era were documented on the eastern bank of Nahal Hed, 200 m and 600 m south of the site. In a survey performed in the vicinity in 2009 (License No. S-144/2009), the following were documented: two Epi-palaeolithic sites, three Iron Age II sites consisting of several buildings, and two Byzantine-period buildings. In 2007, remains of an Iron Age IIA settlement were exposed c. 14 km east of the excavation area (Permit No. A-5204).
The two buildings uncovered at the site (the northern one — c. 5 × 7 m; the southern one — c. 3.5 × 9.5 m) were situated 15 m apart from one another. Their walls were set in place directly on the loess soil, without foundations, and built largely of fieldstones with several dressed stones of various sizes, all made of qirton. Due to the structures’ proximity to the streambed, their western walls were washed away by flooding. The eastern part of the northern building was damaged as a result of modern work carried out at the site.
The Northern Building. Two rooms (Figs. 4–6) were exposed. Only several of the walls were preserved (max. height 0.44 m). Sections of three walls (W13, W17, W20) were preserved in the northern room (width 2.4 m); the western wall did not survive. The floor of the room (L313, L317) consisted of a layer of tamped loess. Numerous round installations were dug into the floor (Fig. 7), as was a tabun (L318; Fig. 8); the latter had a ventilation channel, which conveyed air to fan the fire. A layer of soil was exposed at the bottom of the tabun; it contained a large amount of ash and charcoal. A 14C analysis of a sample of this charcoal dated the building from the second half of the eleventh century to the end of the ninth century BCE. In the southern room all four walls (W12–W15; 2.0 × 2.5 m) were preserved, as well as a floor of tamped loess (L312). Round installations were dug in the floor (Fig. 9). Wall 13, which was shared by both rooms, was built as a double wall and was especially wide (1.5 m). The width of the wall suggests that the building was constructed in two phases — first one room than the other — but it was impossible to determine which of the two rooms was built first. Fragments of pottery vessels and stone items from the Iron Age IIA were discovered on the floor of the rooms and in the layers of soil fill outside the building (L314–L316). The pottery vessels include two hand-made Negebite bowls (Fig. 10:1, 2), a cooking vessel (Fig. 10:3), a jar (Fig. 10:4) and a jug (Fig. 10:5). The stone objects include pounders (Fig. 10:6–11), a mortar (Fig. 10:12) and a grinding stone (Fig. 10:13).
The Southern Building. The remains of two walls (W11, W18) and two pillars to the west of one of the walls (W11; Figs. 11, 12) were probably part of a building that consisted of at least two rooms. Wall 11 was considerably wide (1.3 m) and was built of two rows of stones with a fill of soil and stones in between; along its southern part, only the eastern side of the wall was preserved. Wall 18 (width 0.85 m) was also built of two rows of stones; only its eastern end was preserved. This wall apparently separated the two rooms of the building. Around the pillars west of Wall 11, a floor of tamped loess and ash (L309; thickness 5 cm; Fig. 13), laid above the loess soil, was exposed. Fragments of pottery vessels, stone objects and charcoal were discovered on the floor. On the basis of a 14C analysis of the charcoal, the floor is dated to the time period from the second half of the eleventh century to the end of the ninth century BCE. Natural loess devoid of any finds was found east of W11 (L308). The ceramic artifacts found in the southern building include a bowl (Fig. 14:1), a handmade Negebite bowl (Fig. 14:2), two cooking pots (Fig. 14:3, 4), a jar (Fig. 14:5) and a jug (Fig. 14:6). The stone objects from the building includes pounders (Fig. 14:7, 8) and a grindstone (Fig. 14:9).