A circular installation built of burnt limestone was exposed (exterior diam. 5 m, interior diam. 2.5 m, preserved height 0.8 m; Fig. 2). The absence of rich ceramic finds and/or debris heaps indicates it was not a potter’s kiln, but perhaps a limekiln (Fig. 3). Burnt marks were discerned on two exposed courses of large masonry stones (0.30 × 0.35 × 0.50 m). Burnt and cracked small and medium stones (0.10 × 0.15 × 0.15 m) were noted in the eastern section trench. The stones were light gray in color and filled the entire height of the kiln (L105) until a thin layer of ash and the level of a tamped-earth floor.  Virgin soil rich in limestone aggregates (L106) was exposed below the floor. 
The scant ceramic finds were dated to the Early Roman period, namely the first century BCE–first century CE. The soil above the kiln’s floor contained fragments of Kefar Hananya cooking pots (Types 3 and 4a; Fig. 4:1, 2) and two types of jars: a Sikhin jar with a stepped rim (Fig. 4:3) and a jar from the Yodefat pottery workshop (Fig. 4:4) were found in the layer of the kiln’s floor.

The location of the kiln east of the rocky slopes, in a leveled area of agricultural soil, integrates well with the settlement picture of the region in the Roman period, when the road from the VI Legion Ferrata camp at Legio to ‘Akko (Ptolemais) was paved and aqueducts leading to the legion’s camp were built. The settlement of the legion’s units at Legio, at the end of Emperor Trajan’s reign 98–117 CE, brought about the development and expansion of agricultural areas and settlements in the region. The products derived from the limekiln were usually used for private and public needs, such as agriculture, construction and the building of aqueducts.