The excavation took place in three areas, located c. 1 km from each other (Fig. 1).
AREA A (map ref. NIG 184430/611661; OIG 134430/111661; Fig. 2).
This area (15 × 20 m) was situated at the top of a spur that descends gently to the southwest. Atop a bedrock outcrop, seven rock-hewn installations devoid of any finds were found.
A-1. An oval installation (1.2 × 1.6 m, depth 0.05–0.10 m) that sloped to the southeast and was linked to an adjacent, somewhat rectangular-shaped vat (0.80 × 1.25 m, depth 0.8 m).
A-2. An installation similar to A-1, but smaller and deeper (0.90 × 1.25 m, depth 0.4 m), which sloped slightly southward and was connected to a rectangular vat (0.55–0.60 × 1.10 m, depth 0.8 m) by way of a channel (width 0.45 m).
A-3. A natural depression.
A-4. A smoothed-out bedrock surface (2.05 × 3.40 m) that sloped toward a square hewn cupmark (length per side c. 0.4 m, depth 0.3 m) in its center. Another cupmark (diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.15 m) was hewn c. 0.6 m southwest of the square cupmark. A hewn step (width and height 5–10 cm) could partially be discerned along the edge of the surface, abutting it on the north and the west.
A-5. A cupmark (diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.25 m).
A-6. A cupmark (diam. 0.45 m, depth 0.4 m).
A-7. A cupmark (diam. 0.4 m, depth 0.2 m).
AREA B (map ref. NIG 184299/612563; OIG 134299/112563).
This area, c. 1 km north of Area A, was located on a 200 m long slope that has a 20% gradient to the northeast and drains into a small channel. Three installations were found.
B-1. A crushing mill (yam; diam. 1.8 m; Fig. 3) that belonged to an oil press situated midway up the slope. A perforation (diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.25 m) was in the center of the yam and its upper edges were dressed (thickness 0.1 m) and partially preserved. Five fragments of ribbed pottery vessels were found nearby.
B-2. A wall, standing a single course high (0.25–0.40 m) and a single row wide (0.4 m). It was located c. 10 m east of the yam and extended up the slope in a north–south direction for a distance of 4 m. The wall was probably built in the nineteenth–twentieth centuries CE and was part of an agricultural complex whose remains are visible throughout the forest.
B-3. A rock-hewn elliptical installation (1.0 × 1.2 m, depth 3–6 cm; Fig. 4), 20 m northeast of the yam. It was lower down the slope and was probably used for the extraction of oil in an olive press. A short channel (length 5 cm) extended from the lower part of the installation to a rectangular vat (0.20–0.40 × 0.95 m, depth 0.3 m) and two shallow channels (width 3–5 cm, depth 2–5 cm) extended from two of the vat’s corners. A perforation (diam. 5 cm, length 10 cm) was discovered at the bottom of the vat’s northern corner. It terminated 0.35 m above an open bedrock surface, which provided space for the placing of oil-collecting vessels. A stone cylinder (diam. 1.2 m) with a hole in its center was discovered next to the installation, not in situ. This was probably the revolving stone wheel (memmel) that belonged to the crushing installation of an olive press.
Area C (map ref. NIG 183666/611990; OIG 133666/111990).
Eight large cupmarks (diam. 0.4–0.6 m, depth 0.15–0.60 m) were found scattered atop a bedrock surface (10 × 10 m), c. 1 km west of Area A and c. 800 m southwest of Area B, next to the Jewish National Fund picnic site. Around seven of the large cupmarks (the eighth was slightly off to the side) were some fifteen cupmarks (diam. 5–20 cm, depth 3–20 cm), randomly arranged. The cupmarks, devoid of any archaeological finds, were filled with modern ash.