Remains of an aqueduct (length 130 m; Fig. 1:1–11) were found in the current survey. The aqueduct conveyed water eastward, from the spring (Fig. 5), which is found beyond the surveyed area, to a reservoir at the entrance to Nahal Boqeq (Fig. 1:12). The fort (Fig. 1:13) was also surveyed.
1 (map ref. 233909/567398). A section of a plastered aqueduct (length 7 m, width 0.3 m). It is built on a stone wall, twelve courses high (height c. 1.8 m; Fig. 6). The lower part of the wall is built of small river pebbles, whereas the upper part consists of larger stones.
2 (map ref. 233968/567404). A poorly preserved section of a plastered aqueduct (length 4 m, width 0.3 m) built of dressed stones.
3 (map ref. 233997/567415). A poorly preserved section of a plastered aqueduct (length 12 m, width 0.3 m) built of dressed stones.
4 (map ref. 234011/567443). A poorly preserved section of an aqueduct (length 14 m, width 0.3 m) on the western slope of the mountain. It is built of dressed stones that have remains of plaster on them.
5 (map ref. 233996/567482). A poorly preserved section of an aqueduct running south (length 27 m, width 0.3 m) on the western slope of the mountain (Fig. 7). It is built of dressed stones that bear remains of plaster.
6 (map ref. 233988/567510). A section of an aqueduct (length 9 m, width 0.3 m) running east on a rocky cliff along the western bank of the stream (Fig. 8). The remains consist of a stone wall bearing some plaster.
7 (map ref. 233985/567536). A section of an aqueduct (length 7 m, width 0.3 m) running northeast on a rocky cliff along the western bank of the stream. The remains consist of a stone wall bearing some plaster (Fig. 9).
8 (map ref. 234033/567579). A section of an aqueduct (length 6 m, width 0.2 m) running northeast along the eastern bank of the stream. It is built of two poorly preserved rows of stones (Fig. 10).
9 (map ref. 234049/567587). A section of an aqueduct (length 8 m) running south along the southern bank of Nahal Boqeq. It is built of pebbles, and is in a poor state of preservation (Fig. 11).
10 (map ref. 234139/567569). A section of an aqueduct (length 13 m) running south. Only a layer of the plaster survived in a natural section (Fig. 12).
11 (map ref. 234232/567576). A section of an aqueduct (length 24 m) running westward and connecting to the reservoir (Site 12). The aqueduct is built of stones, some of which have plaster remains on them (Fig. 13).
12 (map ref. 234253/567579). A reservoir (12 × 12 m; Fig. 14) filled with stones that have collapsed inward. The reservoir’s walls (thickness 1.2 m) are coated with a layer of plaster and built of two rows of fieldstones with soil a fill of and gravel between them. According to Fisher and Shacham (1989:292) the reservoir was used in the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods. In his opinion the water resources were fully exploited for irrigating the agricultural fields during the Herodian period. Gichon describes an aqueduct on the northern bank of the stream, built on a wall three meters high. He adds that a bridge crossed the stream to the southern bank and was connected to the aqueduct that continued toward the reservoir (Gichon 1993:399).
13 (map ref. 234166/567757): Mezad Boqeq (Boqeq Fort; 20 × 20 m; Fig. 15) was built by the Romans at the beginning of the fourth century CE and continued to exist until the Early Islamic period (Fisher and Shacham 1989:289). Towers are located at the four corners of the fort (Gichon 1993:397).
The surveyed aqueduct conveyed water from ‘En Boqeq to a reservoir located at the entrance to Nahal Boqeq, south of Boqeq Fort. The Remains of the aqueduct, which were found along both banks of the stream, are badly preserved. East of the reservoir is another reservoir (Frank 1934). The aqueduct and the reservoirs are part of an agricultural complex.
de Saulcy F. 1854. Narrative of a Journey Round the Dead Sea. London.
Fisher M. and Shacham T. 1989. The Water System of the ‘En Boqeq Oasis. In D. Amit, Y. Hirschfeld and J. Patrich, eds. The Aqueducts of Ancient Palestine. Pp. 289–298 (Hebrew).
Frank F. 1934. Aus der 'Araba I: Reiseberichte. ZDPV 57:191–280.
Gichon M. 1993. ‘En Boqeq. In E. Stern ed., The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land 2. Jerusalem. Pp. 395–399.