During July 2012, a salvage excavation was conducted at 14 Balfour Street in Nahariyya, within the precincts of the ancient tell (Permit No. A-6562; map ref. 208753–89/767856–77), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Y.A. Oranim Company, Ltd., was directed by Y. Lerer, with the assistance of Y. Yaʽaqobi (administration), R. Mishayev (surveying and drafting), A. Shapiro (GPS), W. Atrash (consultation), D. Syon (metal detection), Y. Kupershmidt (metallurgical laboratory), H. Tahan-Rosen (pottery drawing), S. Itkis (final plans), and C. Amit (studio photography).
In the current excavation, carried out along the western slope of the tell, settlement remains from the Persian period were exposed; these included walls buried in collapse, a section of an ashlar-built wall (W10; Figs. 2, 3) and fragments of various pottery vessels, including bowls (Fig. 4:1–3), mortaria (Fig. 4:4–9), jars with straight shoulders (Fig. 4:10–13), an imported amphora (Fig. 4:14) and a fibula (Fig. 5). During fieldwork, a section was manually excavated for the purpose of understanding the stratigraphy in this region of the tell. The section indicated that this area was inhabited from the beginning to the end of the Persian period. Virgin soil, devoid of any settlement remains, was exposed at the bottom of the section.
Settlement remains from the Persian period were exposed in this excavation on Tel Nahariyya. The upper stratum consisted of walls buried in collapse which probably represent the end of the Persian settlement on the tell in the late fourth century BCE. It was also confirmed in the manually-excavated section that the western slope of the tell was inhabited throughout the entire Persian period.