A total of forty-five sites were discovered in the surveyed area (c. 2.5 km long, 60 m wide). The majority were concentrated in the hilly area between Kh. en-Nabi Bulus and Kh. el-‘Alya, which is covered with redzina soil and thick Mediterranean vegetation. Sites mainly connected with agriculture and food processing were recorded––winepresses, oil presses, cupmarks, a watchtower, quarries, water cisterns terrace walls and stone clearance heaps. Some had previously been investigated by Y. Dagan (ESI 17). Farther north, along the open and broad, largely treeless, bank of Nahal Yimla, the soil changes to a marl type and only sites connected with food cultivation, such as large field systems formed by field walls, long broad terrace walls and a village pathway, were found. The area around Nahal Yimla continues to be intensively cultivated today (viticulture being the main crop) and modern agricultural techniques seem to have erased traces of earlier remains. Little if any ceramic finds were discovered in this region; in the hilly area, potsherds from the Early Bronze Age, as well as the Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods were well represented.


The principle sites in the survey are described hereafter.

Site 8

. A pathway (Fig. 2) running along the saddle that connects Khirbat el-‘Alya with Deir ‘Asfur (map ref. NIG 198385–437/625083–116; OIG 148385–437/125083–116). The path (width 2–3 m), oriented east–west, was delineated by intermittent individual fieldstones placed upright along either side. It was set on a well worn bedrock base with occasional rock-cuttings and quarry marks intended to make passage easier.


 Site 11

consisted of a rock-cut water cistern (Fig. 3) and two field installations for processing olive oil (bodeda), carved into bedrock outcrops.


 Site 12

. Remains of an oval mound (3 × 6, height 1.5 m; Fig. 4), whose foundation is built of large roughly cut fieldstones (0.8 × 1.0 m). This mound may be connected with the remains of a large industrial oil press found nearby.


 Site 13 

comprised three small cupmarks (diam. c. 0.1 m) and a larger single cupmark (diam. 0.3 m; Fig. 5) that were probably used for processing olives.


Site 14a

. On the northern slope of the hill south of Nahal Yimla (map ref. NIG 198808/625070; OIG 148808/125070), a rock-cut stone basin (yam; Fig. 6) connected with olive-oil production, was found in situ. The basin (diam. 2.2 m) was carved in a bedrock outcrop and has a raised edge (c. 0.1 m high) around the outside rim of the stone and a central hole (0.15 × 0.15 m) where the upright axis would have been located.


 Site 15 

was composed of two cupmarks (diam. c. 0.4 m, 0.25 m respectively), recessed within a carved frame (Fig. 7).


 Site 38. A village pathway (length c. 100 m, width 4 m; map ref. NIG 198706–810/625984–626002; OIG 148706–810/125984–126002) was found on the east bank of Nahal Yimla, leading from the area of Khirbat Fattir westward to the wadi bed and up in the direction of Deir ‘Asfur. The path was delineated by two parallel double-faced stone walls (width 1.2 m, height 1.5 m), built of finely cut and dressed stones, probably in secondary use, with a core of small fieldstones.