A small part of the architectural remains were exposed; these were on the surface and destroyed over time when stones were robbed for secondary use in later periods and when the central bus station was built in the early 1970s. The remains consist of sections of meager walls, usually just foundations, built of different size flint and qirton fieldstones and especially wadi pebbles. A considerable amount of collapse was discovered at the site and most of it seems to come from walls that were built of roughly hewn qirton stones.
The rooms of the buildings were apparently constructed around irregular shaped courtyards (8 and 12), whose floors were composed of tamped indigenous loess. A round silo, built and lined mainly with different size wadi pebbles (Fig. 2), was dug in the center of each courtyard. A stone paved entrance (Room 5) was added in the northern courtyard at a later phase. The courtyards were built on the surface and a staircase descended from them to underground cavities, cellars and partially underground courtyards (Fig. 3). Two kinds of staircases were discovered at the site; the first kind was more elaborate and built of dressed qirton (in the southeast of Room 6, in Room 9 and in Courtyard 11); the steps probably led to rooms or underground courtyards (L330; Fig. 4). The second kind was a combination of qirton, large wadi pebbles and flint stones; these steps led to rooms that were partly underground (in Room 3 and north of Room 6), or to other courtyards (e.g., Courtyard 12). The courtyards were open or covered with perishable materials, such as wooden beams and branches. Agricultural installations probably consisting of crushing installations (in Courtyard 11), an olive press and storeroom (in Room 15) were installed in the courtyards and in several rooms that were partially underground. Remains of organic material, which had not yet been analyzed, were discovered in some of the installations.
The underground cavities were dug into natural loess and most were elliptical; their sides were lined with wadi pebbles together with qirton and sometimes mud bricks. The entrances to the cavities were mostly built of impressively dressed qirton stones (e.g., Room 1, L125; Fig. 5). Most of the entrances were arched (Room 1) and others were rectangular (Room 16 from the south). It seems that the arch-shaped openings were earlier.
Pottery vessels characteristic of domestic use were mainly found (not drawn), including large store jars, such as various types of amphorae and jars; approximately two-thirds are baggy-shaped jars and a third are Gaza jars, cooking pots, cooking jugs, casseroles, juglets, kraters and bowls. Most of the vessels were locally produced and a few were imported from Egypt, North Africa and elsewhere throughout the Eastern Mediterranean basin. Numerous oil lamps, mostly sandal-type lamps, were found; these are indicative of work and possibly also dwellings that were underground, in poor lighting conditions or in the dark. The vast majority of pottery vessels dated to the sixth century CE and several already appear in the fifth century CE.
In addition, c. 130 bronze coins were found at the site, mostly in Room 11, as well as a large assortment of glass vessels that were very poorly preserved, and some animal bones.
These finds are indicative of a complex urban culture that existed in large dwellings with central courtyards and underground rooms and partially underground courtyards where household work, agricultural activities (in Rooms 11 and 15), cooking (in Room 8) and storage (in Rooms 8 and 12) were done. Grain from the many farms in the agricultural hinterland of the city of Be’er Sheva‘ was probably stored in the silos exposed in Rooms 8 and 12, and the products were processed in the installations.