Tower No. Map Ref. (NIG; OIG) Dimensions Construction Floor Finds Remarks
1 (Fig. 1) 21030/62320; 16030/12320

4.7 × 6.2 m, preserved height 1.4 m (4 courses)

Large roughly hewn fieldstones; northwestern wall was not preserved

Plaster remains on bedrock

Pottery fragments from the end of the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods (1st century BCE)

2 (Fig. 2) 21028/62320; 16028/12320

3.05 × 4.80 m, preserved height 0.5 m (1 course)

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones

Bedrock surface; hewn pit on its western side
(0.7 × 1.6 m, depth 0.73 m)

Base of a stone measuring cup from the Early Roman period

Located c. 20 m west of Tower 1

3 (Fig. 3) 21020/62370; 16120/12370

Diam. 3.7 m, preserved height 1.12 m (2 courses)

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones

Bedrock surface

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II

4 (Fig. 4) 21020/62368; 16120/ 12368

6.3 × 7.8 m, preserved height 1.2 m (up to 4 courses)

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones

Plaster remains noted on bedrock

Tower has two rooms; it is located c. 20 m south of Tower 3

5 (Fig 5) 21120/62375; 16120/12375

2.5 × 2.5 m, preserved height 1.3 m (3 courses)

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones

Beaten earth deposited on bedrock

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II

Animal pen built of small and medium- sized fieldstones and preserved 5 courses high (1.1 m) was adjacent to the northern side of tower; a wall (length 8.6 m) of roughly hewn fieldstones, preserved 1 course high (0.4 m) abutted the tower’s southern corner.

6 (Fig. 6) 21130/62371; 16130/12371

3.15 × 3.90 m, preserved height 1.2 m (3 courses)

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones; the entrance was probably in the northeastern wall. Three narrow windows
(0.3–0.6 × 0.4 m) were in the southwestern wall.

Beaten earth deposited on bedrock

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II and the Early Roman period

A rock-cut winepress southeast of the tower. It was partially enclosed with stone walls and consisted of a square treading surface
(3.1 × 3.2 m) with plaster remains, an oval settling pit (0.4 × 0.8 m, depth 0.36 m) and a collecting vat (diam. 1.2 m, depth 1.4 m) to the south; two fieldstone walls that may have been part of an animal pen, which did not survive abutted the northern side of the tower.

7(Fig. 7) 21100/62340; 16100/12340

3.05 × 3.20 m, preserved height 1.35 m (4 courses)

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones; a narrow window (0.4 × 0.5 m) in the eastern wall

Beaten earth deposited on bedrock

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II and the Early Roman period

A rock-cut winepress to the east of the tower. It consisted of a square treading surface (2.5 × 3.1 m), mostly enclosed with stone walls and a collecting vat (diam. 1.4 m, depth 1.26 m) enclosed on the west with a stone wall

8 (Fig. 8)        21140/62360; 16140/12360

3.3 ×3.6 m, preserved height 1.5 m (5 courses)     

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones        

Beaten earth deposited on bedrock

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II
and the Early Roman period

A courtyard (2.15 × 3.80 m) was adjacent to western side of tower; it was enclosed with a wall of small and medium-sized fieldstones and preserved 3 courses high (0.55 m); an entrance was in its southern side

9 (Fig. 9) 21135/62358; 16135/12358

1.9 × 3.4 m, preserved height 1.1 m (3 courses)

Roughly hewn medium and large fieldstones; only the western part was preserved

Beaten earth deposited on bedrock

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II and the Early Roman period

A rock-cut winepress was adjacent to the south of the tower; it consisted of a square plastered treading surface (3.0 × 3.2 m) mostly enclosed with stone walls and 2 collecting vats (0.8 × 1.2 m, depth 1.4 m; diam. 1.4 m, depth 1.3 m) surrounded by stone walls; a channel led from the treading surface to the southern collecting vat

10 (Fig. 10) 21100/62345; 16100/12345

Diam. 3.8 m, preserved height 1.65 m (4 courses)

Large roughly hewn fieldstones

Bedrock surface

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II

11 21160/62365; 16160/12365

3.3 × 5.5 m, preserved height 0.8 m (3 courses)

Roughly hewn medium-sized fieldstones; only the eastern and western walls were preserved

Bedrock surface

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II and the Early Roman period

12 21173/62374; 16173/12374

Diam. 3.6 m, preserved height 0.6 m (2 courses)

Small and medium fieldstones; tower only partially preserved

Bedrock surface

Pottery fragments from Iron Age II

13 21155/62380; 16155/12380

3.55 × 6.75 m, preserved height 0.75 m (2 courses)

Small and medium fieldstones

Bedrock surface

Fragments of pottery vessels from Iron Age II

Only eastern part of tower, which probably had two rooms, was excavated