Prior to the excavation, an upper layer of soft kurkar soil was removed from the surface. The excavation (c. 1.5 dunams) revealed 19 pits hewn in the kurkar (L11–L29; Table 1; Figs. 2–4). All of the pits were round save one (L23; Fig. 5), which was bell-shaped (not excavated for safety reasons); the other pits may also have been bell-shaped, but when the surface layer was removed their upper part may have been removed as well. The pits were found full of dark, very hard clayey soil mixed with pottery fragments from the Ottoman period—bowls (Fig. 6:1–4), kraters (Fig. 6:5, 6), holemouth jars (Fig. 6:7, 8), jars (Fig. 6:9–11) and tobacco pipes (Fig. 6:12–14)—and a few fragmentary animal bones, mainly of cattle and sheep.
 
The pits uncovered in the excavation are dated to the Ottoman period, and they resemble the hewn pits uncovered in the excavation nearby. They served either as cesspits or refuse pits in the Arab village.
 
Table 1. Measurements of the Hewn Pits
Locus
Diam. (m)
Depth (m)
11
1.92
1.23
12
1.73
0.43
13
2.31
0.89
14
1.84
0.53
15
1.74
0.24
16
1.90
0.14
17
1.38
0.24
18
2.04
0.40
19
1.20
0.02
20
1.68
0.51
21
1.53
0.52
22
1.88
1.83
23
0.61 (upper)
1.77 (lower)
2.68
24
1.73
0.23
25
1.95
0.50
26
2.01
0.60
27
1.38
0.22
28
1.57
1.96
29
1.02
0.47