In April 2016, a salvage excavation was conducted north of Nahal Yarmut (Permit No. A-7685; map ref. 199497/623926; Fig. 1), prior to construction work in Ramat Bet Shemesh. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by ‘Diyur Ka-Halakha’, was directed by Y. Tzur, with the assistance of N. Nehama (administration), A. Hajian (surveying) and E. Belashov (drafting). C. Arbib and A. Melman supervised preparations for the excavation in the field.
Field Wall (W103; c. 9 m long, c. 1 m preserved height; Figs. 2, 3). The wall consisted of two rows of large fieldstones (0.3 × 0.4 × 0.5 m) flanking a core of small stones. Alluvial soil to the south of the wall (L104) contained a few mixed potsherds. Deposits to the north of the wall (L105) contained a few potsherds from the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods (not drawn).
Winepress. The winepress had a square treading floor (L100; 2.5 × 2.5 m; Figs. 4, 5). Its south wall was destroyed, probably due to natural weathering. A short rock-hewn channel leading to a partly plastered square collecting vat (L101; 1 × 1 m; Fig. 6) was found at west end of the treading floor. Alluvium mixed with small stones and a few Byzantine and Ottoman potsherds was found inside the collecting vat (not drawn; L102). A rock-hewn surface (0.3 × 0.5 m) was uncovered to the north of the treading floor.
The uncovered remains attest to ancient agricultural activity at the site, although no diagnostic finds were recovered. Nevertheless, the field wall probably dates from the Ottoman period, and the winepress from the Roman and Byzantine periods.