The limekiln comprised of circular pit (L213, L218; inner diam. c. 2.5 m; Figs. 2, 3), partially dug into the loess soil and delimited by a wall (W205; preserved height 1.3 m) built of a single row of large fieldstones, with smaller fieldstones added for support. It was enforced on the southeast by a second wall (W202; preserved height 1 m) built along the outer face of W205 of one row of fieldstones (total width c. 1 m). The interior face of the kiln was most likely coated with mud, as indicated by traces of red burnt mud on the stones of the interior face of W205 and between them (Fig. 4), as well as on collapsed stones around the structure; these collapsed stones probably belonged to the walls of the kiln and the possibly to a ceiling. Since the walls curve slightly inward, the kiln may have originally carried a dome-shaped ceiling which was built of the fieldstones that later collapsed into the structure. Dome-shaped ceilings were uncovered in two limekilns excavated in the Beer Sheva‘ area (Negev 2002; 2003).
An air channel (L215; width c. 0.2 m, height 0.5 m; Figs. 5, 6) built of partially dressed stones and large flat stones was installed through Walls 202 and 205 on the southeastern side of the kiln. The channel facilitated air circulation into the limekiln during the firing.
The kiln was emptied out before it was abandoned. Only a few remains of crushed lime and charcoal were found on its floor. No diagnostic finds which could have provided a precise date for its construction and use were discovered when excavating the limekiln.
Judging by the pottery sherds scattered over the surface of the excavation area, as well as the limekiln’s good state of preservation, it appears to have been constructed around 1900 CE or even later, when widespread settlement took place around the newly founded city of Beer Sheva‘. Several limekilns have been excavated in the Be’er Sheva‘ basin. Two kilns similar in size to that exposed in the current excavation were excavated at the sites of Nahal ‘Ashan (Negev 2002) and Tel Aro‘er (Negev 2003). However, both limekilns lacked built walls, and according to the author, only their dome-shaped roofs were built of stone. Further north, at Nahal Lakhish, several limekilns were uncovered, some of which were partially hewn into the bedrock and partially built of fieldstones (Fraiberg 2013).