Burial Cave and Cist Grave (Fig 2). A burial cave (F133) was discovered on the northern slope of the hill. A rectangular courtyard (L1021; 3.0 × 4.7 m, depth c. 2 m; Fig. 3) was hewn next to the cave on the east. Because of objections raised by the Ministry of Religious Affairs, only the courtyard was excavated. The rock walls of the courtyard were well smoothed, and any depressions were lined with ashlars. In the western side of the courtyard a hewn step led to a square atrium-like area in the east, opposite the entrance to the cave . The façade of the cave was vertical and straight. A rectangular opening (0.5 × 0.8 m) was hewn in its lower part, surrounded by a carved relief frame. The burial cave is dated to the Early Roman period on the basis of two clay lamps that were discovered on the floor of the courtyard (Fig. 4:6, 7).
A rectangular cist tomb (L1007) was hewn in the rock next to the southern side of the courtyard. Two grooves were cut in the long sides of the tomb to receive a cover; the cover was not discovered. The alluvium which accumulated in the tomb contained a jar-rim made of black clay, which dates to the Ottoman period (Fig. 4:8).
Winepress (Figs. 5, 6). Winepress 142 was hewn in a rock-surface that sloped gently to the east. The installation comprised a treading floor (L1001), a settling pit (L1008) and a collecting vat (L1005), connected by channels. The treading floor was square (3.3 × 3.4 m, depth c. 0.5 m), with rounded corners. Cracks opened in the surface as a result of rock erosion processes. Settling Pit 1008 was square (0.9 × 0.9 m, depth 1 m) and a round sump (diam. 0.25 m, depth 0.1 m) was hewn in its southeastern corner; a channel led from the settling pit to the collecting vat. Collecting Vat 1005 was rectangular (1.1 × 1.5 m, depth 1.1 m), and had rounded corners. A rectangular basin (0.45 × 0.75 m, depth 0.1 m) with a small sump was hewn in its southeastern corner. A circular basin (L1015) and two pressing installations were hewn in the rock-surface south of the treading floor. One (L1016) consisted of a circular surface and an elliptical sump with a depression in its center; the other (L1017; Fig. 7) consisted of an elliptical surface with an elliptical sump. Southeast of Collecting Vat 1008 and c. 0.5 m below it, was a square rock-hewn pit (L1006, 0.9 × 0.9 m, depth 0.7 m), whose bottom was partially destroyed; the function of the pit is not known.
The base of a Hellenistic-period unguentarium (Fig. 4:4) and an Early-Roman period jar-rim (Fig. 4:5) were discovered in Collecting Vat 1005. Ribbed body fragments of jars were discovered on the treading floor.
Quarries. Quarries 139 and 140 (L1002, L1014, L1019; c. 15 sq m; Figs. 5, 8) were stepped quarries that contained rectangular courtyards (depth 0.3–0.5 m) in which marks of stone quarrying and severance channels were discerned. Quarry 155 was small and had marks of stone quarrying (L1026, L1027; Figs. 9, 10). An agricultural fence (W1028) was constructed above the quarry. Several non-diagnostic pottery sherds were discovered in the quarry. Quarry 132 was extremely small and stone quarrying marks were discovered in it (L1009; Fig. 11).
Hewn pit (Fig. 12). Pit 129 (depth 3 m) was hewn in a leveled rock surface on the eastern slope of the hill. The opening of the pit was circular (1.1 × 1.4 m) and was not carefully hewn. The lower part of the pit was slightly wider than the upper part. The bottom of the pit was uneven and there were no traces of plaster on its walls. The upper fill of the pit was alluvium, in which a jar fragment dating to the Hellenistic period (L1000; Fig. 4:3) was discovered. The lower fill was light-gray soil, which contained a rim and a base of a jug from the Early Bronze Age I (L1023; Fig. 4:1). A jug handle decorated in red, from the Early Bronze Age I (Fig. 4:2), was discovered on the leveled rock-surface east of the pit. The ceramic finds link the pit to the Early Bronze Age I settlement that was discovered northwest of the site.
The area around the excavation was rural. It seems that Pit 129 was related to an Early Bronze Age I settlement. In the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods this area was agricultural, and the high rock-face made it possible to to quarry stones, tombs and installations.