Level 3 (Sq A1, L100; Sq A2, L101). In both squares, this layer is composed of dark grayish compact matrix and contains a considerable amount of potsherds. These include a rim of a cooking vessel (Fig. 3:1), holemouth jars (Fig. 3:2–4) and a storage jar (Fig. 3:5) of the Early Bronze Age, as well as small fragments of gray-burnished vessels (Fig. 3:6, 7) dating to Early Bronze IA. 
The Intermediate Bronze Age (IBA) is represented by enveloped ledge handles (Fig. 3:8, 9), and a cooking vessel (Fig. 3:10).
Level 2 (Sq 1, L102, L104; Sq 2, L103). An intrusion layer in Sq 1 (L102) was probably the result of modern mechanical activity. Below it was a dark brown reddish compact layer with pebble-sized stones and a large amount of potsherds. The same layer was also discerned in Sq 2 (L103). The EBA potsherds included a bowl rim fragment with incisions (Fig. 3:11) and a ledge handle (Fig. 3:12); the IBA potsherds, embedded in this layer and enhance its mixed character, consisted of a folded ledge handle (Fig. 3:13) and a storage jar (Fig. 3:14).
Level 1 is represented by two pits (L105, L106; Figs. 4, 5), dug within the reddish dark brown layer of Level 2, which contain dark gray compact soil that tends to become muddy because of the high level of ground water in the area. The pits were excavated down to sterile soil and ground-water level; some bone fragments and potsherds were recovered, including a gray burnished fragment (Fig. 3:15), three bowls (Fig. 3:16–18) and a holemouth jar (Fig. 3:19). Roman potsherds were retrieved from the lowest levels of the pits, including a cooking pot (Fig. 3:20) and a storage jar (Fig. 3:21).
The excavation did not reveal any architectural remains or agricultural installations. The excavation sheds light on the extant of the Tell in the earlier periods and it seems to be beyond the settlement boundaries of the Early and Intermediate Bronze Ages. During the Roman period, pits were dug as shown by the pottery. The purpose of the pits is not clear, but they could be either refuse or sewage pits.   

Dothan M. 1955. Excavations at ‘Afula. ‘Atiqot (ES) 1:19–70.
Sukenik E.L. 1948. Archaeological Investigations at ‘Affūla. JPOS 21:1–78.