Quarry (25; Fig. 2). A quarry in a rock cliff (length c. 15 m) was documented; different size stones were hewn in it, as well as small stones, based on the rock-cuttings, which were used in constructing farming terraces in the vicinity.
Caves (2, 5, 6, 9, 11, 20, 23). Seven rock-hewn caves were discovered in the cliffs.
Cave 2 is covered with vegetation and its outline is therefore not clear; it has a rock-cut façade (length 4 m) and its opening faces south.
Cave 5 is elliptical (length c. 3 m; Fig. 3) and its opening faces west.
Cave 6 is circular (diam. c. 5 m) and only its bottom part and inside were preserved after its ceiling collapsed. Its opening faces north.
Cave 9 is circular (diam. 3 m) and its opening faces south.
Cave 11 has a trapezoidal cross-section (length 3 m, width 2–3 m, depth 2.5 m; Fig. 4) and a square opening (1×1 m) that faces south. The opening, hewn in the ceiling, is partly destroyed. A field wall (10) was built above the cave.
Cave 20 is circular (diam. 3 m) and its opening faces southeast; its ceiling collapsed and the cave is filled with fieldstones and soil.
Cave 23 is circular and its opening faces west; it is blocked with soil.
Rock-cut Niches (7, 8). Four hewn niches located near each other and of similar dimensions (Fig. 5) were documented in the rock cliff at Site 7. Another similar rock-cut niche was documented at Site 8, 10 m north of Site 7.
Farming Terraces (1, 3, 4, 10, 12–16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 26). Different size farming terraces (max. length 50 m) are a prominent feature in the region’s landscape. Single terraces or groups of several terraces are apparent (13, 22). Sometimes, field walls are perpendicular to the terraces and they form cultivation plots (24). Their state of preservation and size vary (max. length 50 m, width c. 1 m, max. preserved height 2 m). The retaining walls of most terraces were built of different size fieldstones; sometimes, the bottom course of the walls was built of rocks or large stones (14, 18).
The nature of the architectural remains and the paucity of potsherds in the survey area are indicative of agricultural activity. It seems that in antiquity, the survey area was part of the agricultural hinterland that may have been connected to Jerusalem.