During August 2010, a salvage excavation was conducted along a proposed sewage pipeline in Ramat Bet Shemesh (Permit No. A-5990; map ref. 198506–19/623964–9), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Ministry of Construction and Housing, was directed by D. Storchan, with the assistance of Y. Ohayon (administration), and Y. Billig (archeological inspection).
The current excavation was centered within and on the periphery of the damaged cave. Upon excavation, the cave was seen as cut in half and thought to have only survived in section. However, mechanical digging outside the cave uncovered a partially non-disturbed area of the cave’s chamber, which was then excavated. Upon removal of topsoil and tractor debris, a layer of light brown alluvial soil was uncovered. Within this layer, flint chips and ceramic fragments dating from the Chalcolithic period were found. The medium-sized potsherds were in relative good condition and deemed to have been found in-situ, as they showed little signs of wear and erosion.
The excavation was abruptly suspended and no further conclusions could be determined regarding the contents, context, and nature of the cave. It seems highly likely that the finds in the cave represent habitation activity and usage of the cave during the Chalcolithic period.