Cave A (Fig. 2)
The northern end of the cave was partially destroyed during the earthmoving work, but its entire plan can be reconstructed. The entrance to the cave was in the northern side (Fig. 3) and it led to a central rectangular chamber (L100; 2.3×2.8 m, height 1.75 m) with a flat ceiling. Three pairs of loculi were hewn in the northern, eastern and southern sides of the central chamber and a pair of bone repositories was in the western side.
The two loculi (L108, L109) in the northern side were hewn on either side of the entrance.Loculus 108 (min. length 0.6 m, width 0.45–0.50 m, height 0.8 m) was east of the entrance and Loculus 109 (min. length 1.2 m, width 1 m, height 0.8 m) west of it. The northern part of the loculi was not preserved and all that was survived of their southern part was the bottom and one side. The ceilings of the two loculi were arched and each of their openings was enclosed within a rectangular frame designed for a closing slab.
Two loculi (L107, L105; Fig. 4) were hewn in the eastern side of the chamber. Loculus 107 (0.5×2.2 m, height 0.8 m) was next to the northeastern corner of the central chamber and to its south was Loculus 105 (0.55×2.30 m, height 0.95 m). Loculus 105 was enlarged to the south and a relatively wide raised bench (L106; 0.7×2.0 m, height 0.85; Fig. 5) was created, probably designed for standing ossuaries.
Two short loculi (l103, L104; see Fig. 3) were hewn in the southern side of the chamber. Loculus 103 (0.50×0.65 m, height 0.9 m) was next to the southwestern corner of the central chamber and Loculus 104 (0.5×0.8 m, height 0.95 m) was east of it. Their ceilings were arched and each of their openings was enclosed within a rectangular frame designed for a closing slab.
Near the ceiling in the western wall of the chamber were two hewn niches (L101, L102; Fig. 6), c. 1 m above the floor. Niche 101 was square (0.3×0.3 m, depth 0.4 m, height 0.35 m) and Niche 102 was rectangular (0.25×0.40 m, depth 0.3 m, height 0.5 m). The openings of the niches were enclosed within a rectangular frame. Human bones were found in both niches and it seems that they were bone repositories.
Only three fragments of soft limestone ossuaries were found in the cave: a side fragment and two lid fragments. The narrow lid fragment was concave (preserved length 0.17 m, width 0.14 m) and it seems to have covered a small ossuary of an infant. Several non-diagnostic fragments of pottery vessels were recovered from the fill in the chamber.
Cave B (see Fig. 2)
The cave survived almost in its entirety, except for its northern side, and its plan can be completely reconstructed. The entrance was set in the northern side and led to a square central chamber (L150; 2.3×2.3 m, height 1.8 m). Loculi (L152–L155) were hewn in the northern and eastern sides. An incomplete rock-cutting (L151) in the southern side was probably meant to be another loculus.
Loculus 152 (0.5×2.0 m, height 0.75 m; Fig. 7) was hewn in the eastern side of the chamber, next to the southwestern corner. Its ceiling was arched. Loculus 153 (0.55×1.90 m, height 0.8 m) was hewn north of it.
Loculus 154 (preserved length 0.4 m, width 0.4 m, height 0.7 m) was hewn east of the entrance and Loculus 155 (preserved length 0.45 m, width 0.45 m, height 0.7 m) was hewn to its west. Both loculi had arched ceilings and only their southern part was preserved. Rock-cutting 151 (length 0.20–0.35 m, width 0.45 m, height 0.7 m) in the southern side of the chamber was never completed and probably meant to be another loculus. Its ceiling was arched like the ceilings of the other loculi.
No loculi were hewn in the western side of the chamber, which faced in the direction of Cave A, and it can therefore be assumed that the quarrying of Cave A predated that of Cave B. The tomb was plundered and no finds were discovered in it, apart from several non-diagnostic potsherds.
Based on the plan, the caves should be dated to the Early Roman period (the time of the Second Temple) and they were part of the city’s necropolis at that time.