In May 2014, a salvage excavation was conducted at Kafr Kanna (Permit No. A-7123;map ref. 232425/739250), following damage caused to a cave during earthworks in a private plot. The excavation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, was directed by Y. Alexandre (surveyor and photographer). Final drafting was prepared by D. Porotsky.
A limited area of the cave was excavated, as it was mostly inaccessible, lying beyond the building plot limits and beneath the neighboring house. Within the accessible area, a small rectangular probe was excavated (1.5 × 4.0 m; Figs. 1, 2), probably close to the entrance to the cave, which was damaged in the past. A layer of earth (depth 0.8 m) was removed down to the smoothed limestone bedrock cave floor. The upper part of the layer (depth 0.3 m) was contaminated by the recent disturbance, and it contained limestone chips from the cave ceiling. The underlying layer (depth 0.5 m), reddish-brown in color and more densely packed, yielded a few bone fragments andsmall potsherds dating to the Early Roman period (not illustrated).
These scant remains of an Early Roman burial cave, possibly along with the adjacent damaged caves, may have been part of the graveyard of the Roman-period farmstead that lay c. 200 m to the east. Alternatively, they may have been associated with the Roman-period site at Jebel Khuwweikha, 0.5 km to the east.