Two squares (1, 2) were opened in an area that was covered with stone collapse; foundation remains of two rooms and a stone pavement between them were exposed (Fig. 2).
A wall (W100) that delineated a circular room (L502) on the north, west and south was discovered in the eastern part of Square 2. The wall’s foundation, preserved a single course high and built of a row of fieldstones, was founded on bedrock without mortar. The numerous stones to the west of the wall were probably collapse from the building. The room extended east beyond the excavation boundaries and was not excavated because of disturbances and protected trees that grew in the area.
Two walls (W101, W103) that delimited a rectangular room (L508) were discovered in the eastern part of Square 1. Wall 101, which was poorly preserved, enclosed the room in the north and was built of different size fieldstones. Wall 103 enclosed the room in the west and survived a single course high. It was built of a single row of fieldstones founded on bedrock without mortar. A row of relatively smaller stones was found in the foundation of W103’s western side. These were probably meant to reinforce and straighten the foundation, allowing for high, straight construction above it. To the west of the wall were stones similar to those found west of W100, probably collapse from the building. The room extended eastward and was partially excavated because of limitations in the area.
A poorly preserved stone pavement (L503; 2 × 2 m) was exposed between Rooms 502 and 508.
Remains of a quarry, a cistern and two caves were excavated.
Quarry. A bedrock terrace, formed by the hewing of stones, was discovered in the northeast of the area (L601B) and in its center (L601A; Fig. 3). The quarries were bounded by the bedrock.
Cistern. A cistern (L600; see Fig. 3) was discovered in the southeastern part of the area. It had a square opening (1.5 × 1.5 m; Fig. 4) and was surrounded by a bedrock surface that sloped-in toward the opening. The circular cistern (min. diam. 2.5 m; see Fig. 3: Section 1:1) was not excavated to the bottom due to safety precautions.
Cave I. A natural cave (L602; 2 × 3 m) with no signs of rock-cutting was discovered in the eastern part of the area. The cave’s opening faced north; it was filled with alluvium and devoid of finds.
Cave II. A natural cave in the northern part of the area was mostly ruinous and had no signs of rock-cutting (L604; 5 × 13 m, height 2.5 m; Figs. 5, 6). Another natural cavity, opened toward the east, was exposed north of the cave (L605; 2 × 3 m, height in the north and south 0.8 m, height in the west 1.5 m). Two walls (height 0.8 m) built of different size ashlars abutted the cavity on the east.
A few worn fragments of pottery vessels that do not assist in dating the period of activity at the site were found in the excavation. The rooms and pavement in Area A were likely part of an extensive building complex. It was impossible to make an unequivocal connection between the building remains in Area A and the quarry and the cistern in Area B; however, stones were probably hewn in the quarry for the construction of the buildings in Area A and the cistern was probably also used by the residents of the same buildings.