Plastered installation (L104; 0.4×0.8 m; Fig. 2). Only a corner (W1, W2), built of dressed limestone (0.4×0.4 m) and preserved a single course high, had remained of the installation. A large quantity of white mortar, composed of mediocre burnt lime, was discerned in the walls of the installation. The walls and the floor were coated with fine quality plaster that consisted of lime mixed with grains of sand (4 mm), shells and ground chalk. Due to its poor state of preservation, the installation could not be dated precisely. Pottery ascribed to the beginning of the Early Islamic period was recovered from the fill above it.
Cist grave (L112; length 1.6 m, width 0.3–0.5 m; Fig. 2). The tomb, oriented north–south, was constructed from dressed kurkar stones andits sides were lined with large kurkar slabs. The grave contained an individual in an anatomically articulated position, evincing primary burial, whose head was placed toward the north. The osteological remains were poorly preserved and included bone fragments,a cranial vault, a tooth and postcranial bones. A lower premolar shows only enamel wear; its root is broken, yet one can see it is thickened and most likely already closed. The individual's age is estimated at 15–20 years, based on the rate of tooth wear. A stone, probably a tombstone, protruded prominently on the northern side of the grave.
The artifacts in the grave included worn non-diagnostic potsherds, remains of a jewelry box (one or more) and an earring. The box had only survived by its metallic parts; its sides, probably made of wood, were not preserved.The metallic parts included a bronze tab (Fig. 3:1) that was affixed to the outside of the lid; a bow-shaped handle (Fig. 3:2) that was positioned in the center of the lid;and round-headed nails (Fig. 3:3) decorated with incised concentric circles. These nails probably secured a bronze plaque to the lid of the box. Other metallic artifacts that adorned the box were bronze rings (Fig. 3:4) and another metallic item, as well as a bronze earring (diam. c. 5 cm; Fig. 4).
Another grave (L107) may have been located west of Grave 112; a fragment of a krater from the Early Islamic period (Fig. 6:12) was found next to it.
Tomb(?) (L111; Fig. 2). A fragment of a skull was found lying on the surface, c. 3 m southwest of the plastered installation (L104). Bone fragments of an upper limb (ulna, radius and humerus from elbow area) and a cranial vault were found next to it. The cranial vault was above the elbow joint and two teeth, a first and second upper premolar on which the dentine was exposed on one of the cusps, were discovered nearby. The individual was probably 20–30 years of age, base on the tooth wear and its gender is unknown.
Industrial installation (L227; Fig. 5). The circular installation (diam. c. 3 m) was built of small and medium fieldstones (0.2×0.2 m, preserved height 2–3 courses), without mortar. Fragments of pottery vessels dating to the Early Islamic period, including a krater (Fig. 6:11) and jars (Fig. 6:13, 14), were discovered inside. It seems that the installation was used for storage or some other activity that was associated with agricultural products.
Cist grave (L208; length 1.6 m, width 1 m; Fig. 7). The grave was built of dressed kurkar and aligned east–west.It was not completely excavated due to limitations of the excavation but potsherds dating to the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods were collected around it.
Potter’s kilns (L219, L223; diam. 2.5 m; Fig. 8). The kilns were circular and poorly preserved. Adjacent to each other, they were built of fired mud bricks (0.20×0.35 m). Only the firebox was preserved in both kilns, without the upper parts (the vessel chamber and the dome). The base of a pillar (L224) that supported the middle floor, upon which the vessels were fired, was preserved in Kiln 219. Fragments of bowls dating to the Byzantine period (Fig. 6:4, 5) were found in situ inside the kilns.
Habitation levels (L212, L213, L221, L222). Numerous fragments of pottery vessels, including bowls and jars from the Persian period (Fig. 6:1, 2); a krater (Fig. 6:3), baggy-shaped jars (Fig. 6:6, 7) and Gaza jars (Fig. 6:8, 9) from the Byzantine period and glazed bowl (Fig. 6:10) dating to the Byzantine period, were discovered on several habitation levels.
Area C (Fig. 9)
Potter’s kiln (L505, L506). The circular kiln (diam. 1.65 m) was in a poor state of preservation. Pottery from the Early Islamic period and a jar dating to the Mamluk period (Fig. 6:15) were found around it.
The excavation revealed part of an industrial region that was probably located on the outskirts of the settlement. This location was selected because of ecological and sanitation considerations. The cist grave from the Byzantine period (L208) was probably related to the tombs that dated to the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods, which were exposed at the Ono site, c. 200 m west of the excavation (HA-ESI 111:42*–43*).