Area A (Figs. 3, 4)
Soil debris and a few potsherds were revealed in the upper parts of Squares 1 and 2 (max. depth 0.8 m below surface). The amount of ceramic finds in the lower parts of the squares (0.8–2.0 m below surface; Fig. 5) decreased to only a few isolated fragments. Virgin soil consisting of hamra and sand was exposed at the bottom of the squares.
Two courses of a wall (W2; height 0.25 m; Fig. 6) that was built of soft limestone and gray mortar, rich in charcoal inclusions, were exposed in Square 3. The wall was aligned north- northeast–south-southwest and continued beyond the limits of the square.
A wall (W1) oriented north–south was exposed in Squares 4 and 5 (Figs. 7, 8). The wall consisted of a wide base (0.75 m, see Fig. 8: Section 1-1), built of a heap of small stones and bonding material and superposed by a row of large stones (0.4 x 0.5 m) that formed the eastern side of the wall. Floors of the same elevation abutted the wall in the east (L112, L113) and west (L109). The floor east of the wall (L112/L113), composed of crushed chalk and tamped lime, also abutted a cesspit in the southeastern corner of the square. The pit (L114; diam. 1.7–2.4 m, height 0.5 m; Fig. 9) was dug into the ground and was lined with stones; it had neither a floor nor plaster on the walls. Meager remains of the floor west of the wall (L109), which was a coarse white mosaic pavement of the kind that is characteristic of installations (Fig. 10), were exposed.
The potsherds found above Floor 109 (Figs. 11, 12) and below it (L117; Figs. 10, 13) date to the Early Islamic period (eighth–eleventh centuries CE). The potsherds above the floor included deep bowls (Fig. 11:1–6), bowls (Fig. 11:7, 8), open cooking pots (Fig. 11:9, 10), jars (Fig. 11:11, 12), jugs (Fig. 11:13–15), a jug handle (Fig. 11:16) and clay lamps (Fig. 12). The potsherds below the floor included a deep bowl (Fig. 13:1), a bowl (Fig. 13:2) and jugs (Fig. 13:3, 4) and the potsherds recovered from the cesspit included deep bowls (Fig. 13:5, 6), a bowl (Fig. 13:7), a jar (Fig. 13:8), a jug (Fig. 13:9), a juglet (Fig. 13:10) and a clay lamp (Fig. 13:11). A round flat piece of limestone was also found in the cesspit (Fig. 13:12).
Three bronze Abbasid coins (IAA 119697–119699) were found above the floors; two coins above Floor 109 date to the years 750–850 CE and one coin above Floor 113 dates to the years 800–850 CE.
Square 6 was disturbed when modern infrastructure was installed. Four superposed floors (I–IV; an average of c. 0.25 m between them; Fig. 14: Section 1-1), composed of tamped, crushed chalk, were exposed. The elevation of the upper floors (I, II) was almost identical to that of the floors in Squares 4 and 5 and these were probably the continuation of the latter, which were used in a contemporary installation or buildings.
A bronze Abbasid coin (IAA 119800) that dates to the years 800–850 CE was found above Floor III (L119) and a Byzantine coin (IAA 119696) was exposed above Floor I (L111).
The architectural remains uncovered in the excavation are parts of buildings and installations from the Early Islamic period (eighth–eleventh centuries CE), the likes of which were also discovered in excavations conducted in remote areas from the city center at this period.
The coins revealed above and below the floors indicate that the beginning of construction work should be dated to the Abbasid period, in the second half of the ninth century CE. The Byzantine coin is an anomaly with regard to the rest of the ceramic and numismatic artifacts and it is probably a random find. The buildings and installations probably ceased to be used in the eleventh century CE, following the earthquakes that struck Ramla in the years 1033 and 1068 CE.