Remains of a wall (W201; length 1.3 m, width 0.4 m, height 0.6 m; Fig. 2) built of fired mud-bricks preserved to a height of six courses were exposed. The remains of plaster were identified on both sides of the wall. Pottery sherds dating to the Abbasid period were discovered in the fill to the north of the wall (L110, L111). The wall was abutted from the south by a plaster floor (L115; Figs. 1: Section 2–2; 3) set on a foundation of river pebbles. The floor extended south, beyond the limits of the excavation. Pottery sherds dating to the end of the Abbasid period were discovered in a robber trench (L113) that was exposed running perpendicular to the western end of the mud-brick wall. The robber trench was abutted from the west by a fine-quality plaster floor (L112; Fig. 4) set on a thick bedding of fieldstones atop a layer of compacted hamra (Fig. 1: Section 3–3). Two phases of plaster were identified: a light pink plaster in the first phase, and a gray plaster for patching the floor in the second phase. An earlier floor (L116; Fig. 5) built on a thin layer of crushed chalk that covered the sand was exposed in a probe excavated under the floor. Pottery sherds dating to the Abbasid period (not drawn) were discovered in the floor beddings. Two Abbasid coins were found in the topsoil, one silver (fractions of a dirham; IAA 143884) and the other bronze (fals; IAA 143885).
The upper course of a stone wall (W202) was partially exposed in the southeastern part of the area. In the southwestern part, a refuse pit (L106, L109) was uncovered. It yielded pottery sherds dating to the Abbasid, Fatimid and Mamluk periods. In the accumulation below the surface (L105, L107, L108), pottery sherds dating to the end of the Abbasid period were discovered, and in the surface accumulation (L100–L103), pottery sherds from the end of the Abbasid and Fatimid periods were identified.
Pottery sherds from the Abbasid period (ninth–tenth centuries CE) were found in the fill excavated near the building remains in the northern part of the area. These included glazed bowls (Fig. 6:2, 17) and a plain bowl (Fig. 6:7). Fragments of glazed bowls (Fig. 6:6, 13) dating to the Late Abbasid period were found in Robber Trench 113. The accumulation below the surface yielded pottery sherds dating to the Abbasid period, including glazed bowls (Fig. 6:5, 9, 10, 18), a frying pan (Fig. 7:2), a jar (Fig. 8:2) and a jug (Fig. 8:3). Pottery sherds from the Late Abbasid and Fatimid periods were found in the surface accumulation. These included glazed jars (Fig. 6:1, 3, 4, 8, 11, 12, 14–16), a frying pan (Fig. 7:1), cooking pots (Fig. 7:5, 7), a jar (Fig. 8:1), a pomegranate-shaped vessel (Fig. 8:5), a jug (Fig. 8:6) and a lamp (Fig. 8:7). The refuse pit in Sq 4 contained sherds of a cooking pot dating to the Abbasid period (Fig. 7:4), a frying pan from the Fatimid period (Fig. 7:3) and a strainer jug ascribed to the Mamluk period (Fig. 8:4).
Whereas numerous fragments of fired mud-bricks have been discovered in many excavations conducted in Ramla, the fired mud-brick wall exposed in this excavation (W201)—the first to be found in Ramla—allows us to understand how such walls were constructed. The ceramic assemblages demonstrates that there was activity in the area in the Abbasid, Fatimid and Mamluk periods. The building exposed in the northern part of the area was constructed during the Abbasid period, and the refuse pit in the southwestern part was filled in the Mamluk period.