Area A (160 sq m; Fig. 2). This area extended over a low hillside that slopes to the south. Remains of a building that consisted of several rooms were uncovered. The structure was partly built on top of the preceding habitation level. Ash layers, potsherds and some limestone (Loci 112, 129) were exposed in the earlier habitation level. The walls of the structure were built of roughly hewn fieldstones bonded with mortar and small stones. Fragments of fired mud bricks were found above several of the stone courses and it is presumed that the upper courses were built of mud bricks. Eight rooms were found in the building.
Three rooms (Loci 125, 135, 137) were in the southern part of the area. Their walls, built of two rows of stones, were preserved to a maximum of two courses high (W11–W14; height 0.1–0.4 m). The gap in W11 may indicate the doorway between Rooms 125 and 137. Tamped-earth floors that abutted the base of the walls were revealed in the rooms.
To the north were two rectangular rooms (Loci 130, 104/134).The western room was partly excavated, whereas most of the eastern room was exposed (2.20×4.75 m). The walls of the two rooms, severely damaged due to modern plowing, were preserved in segments a single course high. A single row of stones was preserved from the northern wall (W3) of Room 104/134. This wall sealed an earlier pit (L117), which was filled with fieldstones, grinding and pounding stones that were no longer in use. Tamped-loess floors were installed in both rooms. A tabun (diam. 1.2 m, depth 0.28 m; Fig. 3) was exposed in the southeastern corner of Room 130 (between Walls 4 and 12). It was built inside a pit, whose interior was lined with mud-brick material, which had been dug in the floor of the room. A layer of ash that contained burnt organic material was found at the bottom of the tabun. Two other rooms (Loci 115, 116) were exposed east of Room 104/134. The walls of these rooms, built of two rows of stones, were preserved to a maximum of four courses high (0.6 m). Room 115 was found filled with stone collapse. Beneath the collapse was a tamped earth floor, overlain with pottery vessels and patches of ash. A pair of large flat stones that may have been used as column bases for supporting the ceiling was found in the middle of Room 116, which was made narrower in a later phase. It was divided into two smaller spaces by a partition (W7), preserved a single course high (0.25 m), whose base was founded on the floor of the room. The floor associated with the later phase could not be discerned because of its proximity to surface. The two rooms were connected by way of an opening in the western part of W6.
Another room (L127; Fig. 4) was excavated to the east of these rooms. It was enclosed by three walls (W8, W9, W15), built of one row of medium and large stones and preserved two–four courses high (0.2–0.6 m). The upper course of the southern W15 comprised a combination of stones and mud bricks. The top of the northern W9 was built of two rows, one of stones and the other of fired mud bricks, placed on their side. The floor of the room, paved with flat fieldstones (0.10×0.15 m) that were placed atop a foundation of loess, was overlain with stone collapse.
Evidence of other rooms was traced north of the aforementioned rooms. A wall (W2), built of two rows of stones and preserved two courses high (0.36 m), was discovered. The wall was shared by two rooms. A tamped-earth floor, overlaid with ash (L114), abutted the eastern side of the wall, whereas its western side was abutted by a surface of small stones (L110). The construction quality and the location of the remains close to the building indicate this was a single complex.
The pottery vessels found on the floors of the building are characteristic of Iron Age II–III (eighth–seventh centuries CE). The assemblage included a variety of vessels that were influenced by the pottery of Judah and coastal Philistia. The stone objects included grinding and pounding stones, weights and flint tools.
Area B. Two squares were opened. Remains that may be evidence of an Iron II–III pottery workshop were found. In the northern square (1.08 below surface). The finds, which included numerous fragments of pottery vessels, slag, mud-brick fragments and dissolved mud-brick material, point to a workshop refuse pit. The excavation in this area was suspended and therefore, it was not possible to evaluate the nature of the finds.