The PPNA Site
Most of the flint objects were concentrated in Areas A and D. The areas probed in different parts of the hill (10 sq m), corresponded to the level of density recorded during the surface collection. Square 1 (1 × 2 m) is located at the south end of Area D, on the western slope of the hill and Squares 10 (2 × 2 m) and 16 (1 × 2 m) are to the southwest of the hilltop, at the eastern part of Area A, where the density of flint artifacts was the highest. Two additional squares (11, 12; 1 × 1 m) were opened in Area E.
A single stratum of dark brown, loose, homogenous soil was distinguished in all excavated squares. No architectural remains or a clear archaeological layer dating to the PPNA period were exposed. The flint artifacts were, therefore, the only and single source for the site’s character.
The flint assemblage: Large quantities of medium-sized flint nodules (13 × 15 cm) of gray–brown Senonian flint of the Meshash Formation were impressed in the soft limestone of the hill. It seems that the majority of artifacts were made of similar nodules. The entire flint assemblage consists of 5408 artifacts. The lithic industry is flake oriented, but all the reduction stages are fully represented (Table 1). The tool kit is dominated by bifacial tools and their fragments (86% of tools).
 
Table 1. The flint Assemblage (Surface Collection and Excavation)
Type
N
%
Flakes
2825
92
Blades
139
5
CTE
98
3
Total debitage
3062
100
Chunks
1514
70
Chips
652
30
Total debris
2166
100
Debitage
3062
57
Debris
2166
40
Cores
82
2
Tools
98
2
Total
5408
100
 
Later Installations
Winepresses (F4, F6, F7, F14):Four simple winepresses were recorded and three were excavated. All have a rectangular treading floor, sloping toward a single collection vat. The floor and the walls of the collection vat in Winepress F7 were coated with plaster that contained inclusions of Early Islamic potsherds.
Limekiln (F9; 3.8 × 4.2 m, depth 3 m): The limekiln was discovered c. 30 m to the northwest of the hilltop. It consisted of a circular hewn pit, with a flat bottom and upright walls, which were coated with gray material—a by-product of the burning limestone procedure. A thick layer of ash, topped with a layer of white lime, was on the bottom. Above those, the kiln was filled up to its top with limestone boulders. The limekiln’s opening was not discovered, as were the ventilation channels.
Cave (F3): A cave with four shafts and a side (west) entrance was at the top of the hill. A staircase of seven steps led from the entrance into the cave. One of the shafts and one of the cave’s walls, had traces of plaster. No diagnostic finds were retrieved from the cave
Cavity (F2): Remains of a cavity were exposed at the quarried road section. The fill in the oval cavity (2.3 × 3.0 m, depth 2 m) did not contain any diagostic finds. 
 
Two additional unexcavated installations are mentioned although they were not excavated:
Shaft (F5): The opening of a natural shaft, which could led to another cave or water cistern.
Sarcophagus (F15): A quarried sarcophagus (1 × 2 m) that was not detached from bedrock.
Both F15 and F14 seem to be part of a big quarry, probably for building stones.