The current excavation was conducted along the western fringes of the village (100 sq m; Figs. 2, 3). The upper courses of a structure (c. 8 × 10 m) were exposed, consisting of two or three rooms built of roughly hewn basalt stones. Three walls (W1–W3) that formed two rooms (1, 2) were identified in the building, which was only partially exposed. The western corner (L108) of Room 1 was partially excavated, revealing a tamped-earthen floor. The room probably had columns that supported a wattle ceiling (see Hirschfeld 1995
). Room 2 was partially excavated (L105, L109; Figs. 4, 5), exposing a floor paved with flagstones, probably in secondary use. Several stones that might have been used for a shelf or were remains of an ancient wall were found beside W3. The top of a channel (W4) was exposed south of and parallel to W2. One of the channel’s covering stones was removed and a small probe was excavated below it that did not reach the bottom of the channel (L110; Fig. 6). A pit containing two basalt column drums was also found. Although the pit was not excavated and the purpose of the drums remains unclear, it is obvious that they were not in situ
. Pottery fragments dating from the Roman period (third–fourth centuries CE) through the Mamluk period (thirteenth–fourteenth centuries CE) were collected throughout the excavation area. These included a Kefar H
ananya Type E1 bowl (Fig. 7:1), a Kefar H
ananya Type C1 bowl (Fig. 7:2), a LRRW bowl (Fig. 7:3), a Kefar H
ananya Type 4 cooking pot (Fig. 7:5), a cooking pot lid (Fig. 7:6), a jar (Fig. 7:7), a decorated sherd that might be Abbasid in date (Fig. 7:8) and a Mamluk krater (Fig. 7:4). It thus remains impossible to date the structure.
The excavation results indicate that the fourth century CE settlement at the site reached this area. It was also apparent that the building was a rather large one. Future excavations might ascertain the relationship between the column drums found in the pit and the building. It was not possible to completely understand the plan of the building or the date of its construction because of the limited scope of the excavation.