During the course of 2006 an initiated excavation was conducted at Horbat Rimmon (Permit No. A-4724; map ref. NIG 18745/58709; OIG 13745/08709). The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and with the financial support of the Jewish National Fund, was directed by N.S. Paran and S. Talis, with the participation of H. Lavi (administration), O. Aflalo (Negev Archaeological Center) and A. Hajian (surveying).
A new area (Area B) was opened, c. 20 m south of Area A, where massive walls of a building (15 × 25 m) were visible on the surface level. The structure was supported from the north by a curved wall (W6) that was built of two courses of very large stones.
There was a large courtyard in the southwestern part of the building (R3; 5.0 × 8.5 m) which was delimited from the north by Wall 1, from the east by Wall 7 and from the west by Wall 4. The southern boundary of the courtyard has not yet been discovered.
In the northern and eastern wings of the courtyard were three rooms whose walls were preserved to a height of two to four courses. In the northern wing was Room R1 (3.7 × 6.0 m), delimited in the east by Wall 3 and in the south by Wall 1. East of it was Room R2 (3.5 × 3.5 m) which was delimited in the north by Wall 2, in the south by Wall 9 and in the west by Wall 3. Another wall started to be exposed along the eastern edge of the room but its identity is unclear. East of the courtyard was another room (R4; 4.0 × 4.7 m), which was delimited in the north by Wall 9, in the east by Wall 8, in the south by Wall 5 and in the west by Wall 7.
The possibility should not be ruled out that other walls which have not yet been discovered are located on the eastern side of the building. The complete plan of the building has yet to be ascertained and the excavation has not yet reached the floors of its rooms. The excavation will be completed in the coming seasons.